These outlines are intended as "teaching guides" to the study of any particular topic. The outlines may leave many unanswered questions as to details since those details would be answered in the process of teaching from the scripture references provided. In addition, there may be vocabulary references and subject references that are unfamiliar. Hopefully before too long, all the necessary topics will be available to provide a balanced and complete theology.

Pronunciation guide

GREEK: Verbal Orientation

Hebrew Verbal Orientation

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Kingdom of God - plundered: Luke 16:16-17

The King James Version and William Shakespear

Kinsman redeemer

KNOWLEDGE: In Pursuit of Knowledge

Knowledge: Spiritual Gift, Word of Knowledge


KORAH: The Rebellion of Korah


1. First mentioned in Gen. 15:19 as living in the land area promised to Abraham.

A. They were nomads so were constantly on the move.
B. They were closely associated with Midian which was located on the East side of the Gulf of Arabia.

2. In Exodus 2:15-16, 18; 3:1; Judges 1:16 - the Kenite, Jethro, was priest and ruler of Midian. About 1481 BC (2473 AH), and greatly influenced them in the ways of truth.

3. From that time on, the Kenites were characterized by a great positive response to truth. This is probably due to the divine viewpoint influence of Jethro, who was also known as Reuel.

4. Our first contact with Jethro is in 1481 BC when Moses comes to live with him (2473 AH).

A. He probably learns much truth from Jethro during his 40 years of training.
(Suggested by Jethro's help at Ex. 18:5-24)
B. Moses marries one of his daughters, Keturah, and had two sons with her.

5. After the Exodus, God used Jethro to teach Moses some valuable moral and spiritual principles concerning leadership. Ex. 18:5-24; Deut. 1:9-18

6. At this time we have the first division of the Kenite tribe.

A. Jethro returns to his home. Exodus 18:27
B. His son Hobab remains with Israel as their guide and after the conquest of the land, settles in the wilderness of Judah, South of Arad. Num. 10:29-32; Jud. 1;16

7. 40 years after the Exodus in 1401 BC (3553 AH), we do not know where Jethro is, but the Midianites are no longer under his influence or the influence of divine viewpoint.

A. They are allies with Moab: Num. 22:4 (2719 to 2738 AH)
B. Together with Moab, they seek to destroy the nation of Israel. Num. 25:1; 31:2, 16
C. The result was a war with Midian that left major clans totally destroyed. Num. 25:16-18; 31:1-54
D. They never recovered the spiritual stability they had under Kenite influence and are found attacking Israel again in Judges 6:1 through 8:28, 226 years later.

8. The 2nd division of the Kenites occurs in Judges 4:11

A. Heber goes negative to truth and separates from his believing brethren.
B. He settles up North in Kedesh above the Sea of Chinnereth.
C. Judges 4:17, he allies himself with Israel's enemy, the king of Canaan.
D. His wife, Jael was still positive to truth and was probably a believer as indicated by the incident of Judges 4:17-23; 5:24-27

9. As time moved on, the Kenites came under the rulership of Rechab, who so greatly influenced the clan in the cause of truth, that they came to be called Rechabites. 1 Chron. 2:55

A. They were known for their scribal activities. 1 Chron. 2:55
B. This pursuit of truth was perpetuated by Rechab's son, Jonadab. Jer. 35:6
C. In 892 BC (3233 AH), the year that Jehu ascended the throne of Israel, it was Jonadab who helped cleanse the land of idol worship. 2 Kings 10:15-28

D. At the time of Nebuchadnezzar's invasion of Judah in 606 BC, the Rechabites moved to Jerusalem and lived there until its destruction in 586 BC. Jer. 35:11

E. As a result of their faithfulness, they were promised a share in the temple service for the rest of their days. Jer. 35:18-19

10. The general historical security of the Kenties until 586 BC is recorded by the prophecy of Balaam in Numbers 24:21. Ie, They will live securely in association with Israel.

11. As a separate tribal entity, the Kenites will not be destroyed until the Assyrian empire attacks Israel and Judah.

A. The prophecy is given in 1481 BC. The first fulfillment is in 736 BC, about 745 years later.
B. The Kenites of Judges 4:11, living in the Northland (736 BE). 2 Kings 15:29
C. The Kenites of 1 Sam. 15:6 -
left the wilderness of Judah and settled further North in about 3053 AH (1073 BC).
These were destroyed in 711 BC, 2 Kings 18:13.

D. The Rechabites of 1 Chron. 2:55 will be uprooted in 586 BC, because of Judah's discipline.

1. But the special blessing of Jer. 35:18-19, means that they remain as part of the positive remnant under Jeremiah's authority after 586 BC

2. Jeremiah 35 is the last we know of the Rechabites, so they are probably joined together with Israel during the years of the captivity.

E. Furthermore, any Kenites other than the Rechabites will perish in 586 BC with the rest of Judah, by
the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar.




1. List of references:  Lev. 25:25-34; 47-55; Num. 27:8-11; Deut. 25:5-10


2. Outline of Leviticus 25:25-34

   A. A poor man has sold his property or himself. Verse 25

   B. The buying back (redemption) of that which was sold may be done by either
        himself or a relative. Verses 25-26
   C. The price of redemption was the value of the item sold, calculated from the time
        of the sale to the time of redemption. Verse 27
   D. If the price could not be paid, the item was not redeemed. However it was
        restored to the owner at the year of Jubilee. Verse 28
       (Year of Jubilee, Lev. 25:8-17)
   E. If the item sold is in a walled city, the one who sold it has one year only in
       which to redeem it. If he fails, then the item will belong to the one who bought it
       forever. It shall not be redeemed (verse 30) and it will not be returned at the year
       of Jubilee (vs. 29-30).

   F. If the item is outside the walls, it may be redeemed at any time and will be
       returned at the year of Jubilee. Verse 31

   G. If the item sold belongs to the Levites (verse 32) –

       1. An item inside a city may be sold but, whether redeemed or not, it must be
           returned at the year of Jubilee. Verse 33

       2. Land outside a city can not be sold. Verse 34


3. Outline of Leviticus 25:47-55
   A. Someone has sold himself to be a servant. Verse 47

   B. One of his brethren (relative) may redeem him. Verses 48-49

   C. Value is calculated taking into account when he was sold, the time of redemption
        and the nearness of the year of Jubilee. Verses 50-53.

   D. If he is not redeemed then he will be set free at Jubilee. Verse 54

   E. The basis for the principle is in verse 55. A bond servant is to be considered a
       hired person. The people of Israle are the servants of Yahweh and are not to be
       viewed as bond-servants (slaves) but as hired servants. CF. 25:35-46


4. Outline of Numbers 27:8-11

   A. This is to compare the law of inheritance with the law of redemption.

   B. Notice the chain of those in line to inherit.


5. Deuteronomy 25:5-10

   A. Two brothers dwell together. This is only required when they live together.

   B. One is married, one is not.

   C. The one who is married dies not having a child (son) to carry on his name.

   D. The unmarried brother is to then marry his brother’s wife in order to have a male
       child to carry on the dead brother’s name.

   E. Then any other children will be for his own name and family. This is to be done
       out of love and respect for his brother.

   F. But the brother is not mandated to do this if he chooses not to. Verse 7

   G. The wife may then go to the elders and bring the case before them. If he still
       chooses not do perform this duty, he is released from the custom. Verse 8

   H. The brother’s wife then performs 3 actions.
        1. She will take off the man’s sandal. Indicates complete disowning of his
            brother’s inheritance.
        2.  She will spit in his face to indicate contempt and disapproval.

        3. She will say to him, “thus it is done to the man who does not build up his
            brother’s house.”

   I. This was not required if the brothers did not live together. The custom, however,
       was practiced in Israel by the nearest relative. This was not from the standpoint of
       obligation, but personal desire.

   J. The privilege of redeeming the land of a relative included responsibility to the
       relative’s wife. So it was in the case of Ruth and Boaz.


KNOWLEDGE: In Pursuit of Knowledge

1. The principle of benefit:

A. Proverbs 19.2 - not good to be without

B. Proverbs 16.20 - finds good

C. Proverbs 8.35 - finds life and favor from Yahweh

D. Proverbs 13.13 - reward

E. Proverbs 13.18 - honor

F. Proverbs 4.10-13 - Fulfillment in life

2. Humility issue for the growth process: Proverbs 15.33; 1.7; 9.10

3. Principle of self-love:

A. Proverbs 19.8 - loves his own soul

B. Proverbs 15.32 - he who neglects --- despises his soul

4. The progress of wisdom:

A. Proverbs 14.6 - knowledge is easy to the one with understanding

B. Proverbs 15.14-The mind of the one with understanding seeks knowledge

5. Fulfilled destiny in time: Proverbs 24.13-14 with 23.17-21

6. The classroom for truth:

A. Parents teaching: Proverbs 23.22-23; 13.1; 15.5

B. Formal teaching: Proverbs 22.17-21

C. Informal teaching: Proverbs 27.9; Heb. 3.7

D. The local church: Heb. 10.25; 13.13, 17; 1 Pet. 5.1-5; Eph. 4.11-13

7. The tragedy of failure:

A. Proverbs 18.27 - stray from the words of knowledge

B. Proverbs 1.20-32

C. Proverbs 8.36 - injures his soul - loves death.

8. The fools attitude toward truth:

A. Proverbs 1.7 - they despise

B. Proverbs 15.5 - rejects his father's instruction

C. Proverbs 18.2a - does not delight in understanding

D. Proverbs 18.2b - only interested in his own viewpoint

E. Proverbs 23.9 - despise the wisdom of your words

9. The value of truth: Psalm 19.7-14

10. Preparation for service:

A. 2 Timothy 2.15

B. 2 Timothy 3.16-17

C. 1 Peter 3.15-16



1. The Davidic line:

A. From David through Solomon to Jehoiakim (Eliakim) - 2nd son of Josiah.

2 Kings 23.36 - 3518-3528 AH (607 - 597 BCE)

B. Jehoiakim's judgment - Jer. 36.30-31

C. Jehoiakim's son - Jehoiachin: 2 Kings 24.6-9 (3 months - 597 BCE)

1 Chron. 3.16 - Jeconiah - (YAh shall establish)

D. Jehoiachin's exile: 2 Kings 24.10-16; 25.27-30 - 37 years

E. The kingly line was discontinued although Neb, put Jehoiachin's uncle Mattaniah on the throne and changed his name to Zedekiah. 2 K. 24.17.

This was the last king of Israel.

2. The curse on Jehoiachin: Jeremiah 22.1-30

A. Jeremiah 22.1-23

B. Jeremiah 22.24-30: Jeremiah introduces the name Koniah and uses it 3 times.

22.24, 28; 37.1 (Yahweh -YAh- is taken off the name)

C. Childless is defined in v. 30 as having a reigning descendant.

Apparently he had a son during the captivity - 1 Chron. 3.17 - Assir

D. David through Solomon to Koniah - cut off.

E. David through Nathan to Neri - Luke 3.27-31

F. Neri's son is Shealtiel (Salathiel): Luke 3.27

3. Shealtiel becomes the heir to David's throne through some kind of legal process and is thus recognized as Koniah's heir.

A. Possibly through maternal inheritance. (Neri married a daughter of Assir)

Numbers 27.8; 36.5-9

B. Shealtiel then, is a maternal great grandson to Koniah & inherits the throne.

C. The names after Shealtiel at 1 Chron. 3.18 are brothers.

D. Thus, Koniah has 1 son - Assir.

E. But Jeremiah 22.30 assigns him as childless, ie, no direct heir.

F. Assir does not reign nor does he have a son who is heir or leads to an heir.

G. And the genealogy of 1 Chron. 3.18 ff is from Nathan through Neri.

4. Then, it appears as though Shealtiel dies without a child.

A. Mt.1.12 and Luke 3.27 - Shealtiel's son = Zerubbabel.

B. But 1 Chron. 3.19 - Zerubbabel is Pedaiah's son.

C. Pedaiah as his brother would take his wife to raise up seed for him.

Deut. 25.5-10

D. Thus, that son would be physically the son of Pedaiah but legally the son of Shealtiel.

E. Also possible that Zerubbabel was physically the son of Shealtiel and was later adopted by Pedaiah.

5. The line of Zerubbabel:

A. From Zerubbabel: 1 Chron. 3.19-20

1. first wife: 2 sons, 1 daughter - Meshullam and Hananiah

2. Second wife: 5 sons-Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hadadiah & shab-hesed.

3. Probably indicated by the two lists distinguished by the number 5.

B. From Zerubbabel: Mt. 1.12-16 -

1. different descendant, Abihud- probably grandson of one of the other sons - maybe Meshullam.

(chronology not traced in chronicles.)

2. Then a different genealogy through Abihud - Eliakim, Azor, Zadok,

Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob and Joseph.

C. From Zerubbabel: Luke 3.23-27

1. Different descendant, Rhesa - probably another grandson of one of the other sons -

maybe Meshullam. (chronology not traced in chronicles)

2. Then a different genealogy through Rhesa to Heli. (Mary's father)

Joanan, Joda, Josech, Semein, Mattathias, Maath, Naggai, Hesli, Nahum, Amos, Mattathias, Joseph, Jannai, Melchi, Levi, Matthat, Heli.



1. Killing can be defined as the taking of a human life, either justly or unjustly, intentionally or unintentionally. And the Bible addresses each aspect.

2. The command of Ex. 20:13: You shall not MURDER

A. Hebrew, rAtsach - is a qal imperfect + the negative (lo): means to murder - not "kill."
B. Hebrew, qAtal, means to kill in general and can be either authorized by God or not.

3. This command reinforces morality standards established by God from the very beginning. Gen. 9:5-6.
Therefore, the application is for all people, not just for Israel.

4. The morality perspective emphasizes overt activity. But for spiritual life fulfillment, the issue is what you think.
Mental attitude purity is the real spirit of the Mosaic law. Mat. 5:21-22; 1 John 3:15; Rom. 13:8 (love)

5. When people hear about murder, they usually say, "no way, not me!" But the Bible indicates that murder is just an extension of several very common mental attitude sins.

A. Jealousy: Cain, King Saul
B. Hatred: Religion, Saul of Tarsus
C. Anger: Moses
D. Fear: David.

6. Morality standards cannot prevent or control these mental attitude expressions from the sin nature (Mark 7:21-23; James 4:1-2), but strict moral regulations can deter the overt extensions of the mind such as murder. Gen. 9:6; Numbers 35:29-31; Ex. 21:28-29; Rom. 13:4

7. For the unbeliever, then, the certainty of capital punishment is the major deterrent to murder. But for the believer, there is a higher law. Rom. 8:2, 12-13; Gal. 5:22-23

A. The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus: The ministry of the indwelling Holy Spirit as a guide and teacher.

B. The character structure of LOVE which is built in the soul. Rom. 13:8-14; 1 Cor. 13:4-7
C. Even the ambassador factor can be a deterrent. The believer's consciousness of testimony.

8. But when the believer fails to live by the love structure, he falls under the principles of morality discipline.
Rom. 13:1-7; 1 Pet. 4:15

A. The exception is when divine discipline overrules moral discipline in order to teach spiritual value and keep the believer active in the spiritual conflict. Examples: David and Moses.

B.See TOPIC: Capital Punishment in Israel.

9. Distinction between murder and killing.

A. Prov. 6:16-17
B. Unintentional: Numb. 35:9-15, 22-25; Ex. 27:13
C. Intentional: Numb. 35:16-21; Ex. 21:12, 14
D. Killing done by animals: Ex. 21:28-32
E. Warfare: Psalm 144:1; 1 Sam. 17:45-51; 1 Chron. 5:19-22; Luke 3:14
F. Self-defense: See Topic.
G. Is abortion killing? See Topic: abortion

10. For the believer, the real issue in the prevention of murder is the control of mental attitude sins. Mat. 5:21-22

A. Control of mental attitude sins is only through knowledge and application of Bible Truth. Rm. 12:2
B. Moral truth: Proverbs 11:3 - basically, self-protection: protection of self, marriage, family, friends, nation.

1. Mental attitude sins affect the body: Prov. 14:30
2. Mental attitude sins lead to spontaneous speech and actions. Pr. 17;14; 14:17; 29:22
3. Or planned speech and actions: Prov. 26:24-27
4. Mental attitude sins develop when the bona fide attitude of self-protection becomes arrogant self-promotion and gratification. Pr. 18:12; 19:3; 28:25; 29:23; 30:32-33

5. This is the expression of the animalism of the sin nature. James 4:1-2
6. This is where moral truth must give place to spiritual. James 4:2b-8
7. True living humility only comes from Bible truth.
8. Moral truth deals with principle and with the overt. It cannot mold stable character.

C. Spiritual truth: Prov. 16:6

A. Creature humility: Acts 17;24-29
B. Sin humility: Luke 18:9-14; Rom. 5:6-10
C. Salvation humility: Mat. 18:1-6 (faith in Christ)
D. Fellowship humility: Prov. 28:13
E. Growth humility: James 1:21
F. Living humility: Philip. 2:3-5 (application)
G. Service humility: Rom. 14:7-8; 15:1-3; 1 Cor. 10:31-33



1. The kingdom of God is the absolute rule and influence of Divine essence over all the created universe. Psalm 145:13

A. Sovereignty: Dan. 4:34b-35
B. Ownership: Psalm 24:1-2

2. But in His sovereignty, God has permitted evil to appear and run its natural course.

A. Satan's sin: Ezek. 28:15-17
B. Man's sin: Rom. 3:23; 5:12
C. Mat. 13:24-30: the tares among the wheat

3. Because of this, the kingdom of God is not always clearly visible in certain areas of the universe.

A. Satan has been given rule over the world: Luke 4:6; John 12:31; 14:30; 16;11; 2 Cor. 4:4; 1 Jn. 5:19
B. The sin nature within man is the ruler of man. Eph. 2:3; Rom. 7:14, 18, 23: 8:8
See Topic: The Sin Nature
C. Thus, darkness dominates the human race: Eph. 6:12; 1 John 5:19; Luke 1:79; Jn. 3:19; Rom. 1:18
D. There is limited expression of divine sovereignty. Heb. 2:8; 1 Cor. 15:24-28
E. There is limited expression of divine viewpoint. 1 Cor. 15:34
F. There exists two opposing viewpoints in the world. Isaiah 55:8-9; Prov. 3:5-6; 12:15


4. The ultimate goal of God's plan is to reestablish His absolute rule and influence within the physical universe through the demonstration of His perfect righteousness, justice and love in the human race.

A. This goal will be reached after God's justice allows evil to "run its natural course" and be demonstrated for what it really is - and God's righteousness will be vindicated as perfect. Eph. 1:10; 1 Cor. 15:24-28; Ps. 92:7

B. This is stated in the Messianic promise of Gen. 3:15.
Another Adam - the seed of the woman - must wrest world authority away from Satan and destroy his power and influence. Jn. 12:31-32; 16:11; Col. 2:15; 1 Cor. 15:24

C. In Eph. 3:11, it is called the plan of the ages because the goal will be reached through the expression of divine righteousness, justice and love throughout the entire history of the human race.

D. This is to be done progressively, in stages, as human history advances. Thus building from Gen. 3:15 to Gal. 4:4 to Col. 2:15 to Phil. 2:9-11 to Eph. 1:10 to 1 Cor. 15:24-28.

E. And God makes no advance in his plan without revealing it to His servants the prophets. Amos 3:7

F. So as God reveals His plan throughout history by the teaching of moral and spiritual truth, kingdom authority and viewpoint is promoted. To this degree, the kingdom of God advances to its ultimate goal. Mt. 13:31-33

5. In the garden, Adam participated in 2 spheres of kingdom life.

A. Spiritual: opposite of "you shall surely die" - Gen. 2:17
B. Physical: Gen. 1:28; 2:15-16 - rulership over the earth.
C. When Adam and Eve sinned, they lost their spiritual life.

1. You shall surely die: Gen. 2:17; Jn. 5:24; Eph. 2:1; Rom. 6:23
2. Eyes opened: Gen. 3:7a - a distorted perspective because of the formation of a "sin nature."
(Gen. 8:21; Ec. 9:5; Ps. 51:5; Jer. 17:9)

3. The "nakedness" of the soul: Gen. 3:7b with v. 10
4. Fear: Gen. 3:10 (Heb. 2:15; Rom. 8:15)

D. They also lost their part in the physical kingdom.

1. Creation was cursed: Gen. 3:17-18; Rom. 8:20
2. Kicked out of the garden: Gen. 3:22-24
3. Authority usurped by Satan: Luke 4:6; 1 Jn. 5:19
4. Physical death: Gen. 3:19; 1 Cor. 15:21-22; Heb. 9:27

E. See commentary on Genesis 3:1-24

6. God's plan for restoration then, involves not only the exposure and judgment of Satan, but also a reversal of his darkness victory over the human race.

A. Reverse the spiritual defeat: Heb. 2:14-15
B. Restore the physical privileges:

1. a physical kingdom ruled by Christ: Lk.1:32-33;
2. man's participation in that kingdom: Rev. 5:10; Rev. 20:4;

7. God has chosen to center the reestablishment of his kingdom around the "seed of the woman" of Gen. 3:15. The Messiah-savior. Titus 1-2-3 - which God promised "before the everlasting times" (literal from the Greek)

A. Spiritual life: payment for man's sin, forgiveness and new birth to provide everlasting life, which is participation in God's SPIRITUAL kingdom. Luke 1:76-79

1. Stage 1: time of promise - Gal. 3:15-29 - Old Testament.
2. Stage 2: time of fulfillment - Gal. 4:4-7 (Mk. 1:15; Lk 4:21)

B. Earthly kingdom: Luke 1:26-33; Isaiah 9:1-7

1. Stage 1: promise (Given to Israel)
2. Stage 2: spiritual (mystery- church age)
3. Stage 3: Realized - 1000 year reign of Christ
4. Stage 4: Eternal/new heavens and earth

C. The whole Old Testament centers around the arrival and career of the Messiah. Heb. 1:1-3; 1 Pet. 1:10-12

D. Thus, when the Messiah arrives, this constitutes the arrival and physical presence of the kingdom. Mt. 3:2; Mk. 1:15

E. And the message is called the good news of the kingdom.

8. In the Old Testament period, God used two agents for the promotion of His truth in the world. Principle of Heb. 1:1 (evangelistic agencies or priestly agencies).

A. The family priesthood: Adam to the Exodus from Egypt.
Individuals as spiritual heads of the family and clan in order to teach others about God.

1. Seth: Gen. 4:26
2. Noah: 2 Pet. 2:5
3. Abraham: Gen. 12:1-3
4. Job: Job 29:7-17

B. The national priesthood: Israel - from the Exodus to 30 AD.

1. Exodus 19:5-6
2. Romans 9:4-5
3. Isaiah 49:3; Jeremiah 13:11

C. But all believers were still responsible for promoting kingdom viewpoint in their daily life. Ps. 145:8-13; Ps. 117.
Just because God has a "formal" individual or group to proclaim the message of salvation, does not mean that individual believers do not have the responsibility to live and teach the reality of being in God's family.

9. Thus, during human history, the nature of God's kingdom involves 4 factors.

A. Absolute rule of Divine authority: 1 Chron. 29:11-12
B. Permissive rule delegated to others:

1. Satan: Luke 4:6; Job 1:6-12
2. Individuals:

a. Free will
b. the sin nature

3. Kings: Jer. 27:4-5; Dan. 2:21; 4:17; Rom. 13:1; Jn. 19:11

C. Moral influence: laws of relating to fellow man

1. Natural, inherent moral logic: Rom. 2:14-15
2. Taught by others: book of Proverbs for example

D. Spiritual influence: laws of relating to God.

1. Divine viewpoint in general: Ps. 119:130; 36:9
2. Dispensational: progressive revelation as God's plan advances through human history.
Amos 3:7; Deut. 29:29; Eph. 3:4-5

3. Salvation information for relationship with God. Isaiah 55:1-3; John 3:1-36
4. Fellowship information for the one who is a child of God. Psalm 15:1-5; 1 John 1:5-10

10. When the Messiah arrives, the kingdom of God reaches a peak in its revelation progress. At that time, Yahweh is personally present on the earth in the person of Jesus Christ to promote His truth.

A. Immanuel: God with us - Mt. 1:18-23; Isaiah 7:14
B. The Word became flesh: John 1:1-14
C. He who comes in the name of the LORD: Mt. 21:9; 23:39 Mark 11:9; Luke 13:35; 19:38; John 12:13
D. To do the will of the Father: Jn. 6:38; 7:25-30; 8:42
E. Mark 1:15

1. The time is fulfilled:

a. kairos: designated time period.
b. fulfilled: pleroō - perfect passive participle
c. Gal. 4:4 - the fullness of the time came

1. plerōma + chronos: times progress
2. came: erchomai - aorist active indicative

d. 1 Tim. 2:6 - at the proper time (its own times) kairos (plural) = times - bringing together many aspects into one focal point.

e. Titus 1:2-3 - same construction: its own times


2. The kingdom of God is at hand: the spiritual kingdom

a. engidzō: perfect active indicative
b. has come near with the result that it remains in your presence.
c. Mt. 12:28 and Luke 11:20
d. Luke 10:9 (engidzo + epi= upon) (v. 11, just engidzō)
e. Luke 17:21 - entos - within you (the group), therefore the kingdom of God is among you.
f. At Luke 21:31, it is the heavenly kingdom that is in view, that will begin with the resurrection of the elect at Christ's arrival.

F. He comes for blessing:

1. John 12:46-47 - salvation provision - Luke 19:10
2. Salvation sacrifice: Mt. 20:28 (Jn. 12:27; 1 Tim. 1:15)
3. To call sinners: Lk. 9:51-56; Mt. 9:13
4. Abundant life provision for believers: John 10:10b, "might have life AND abundance" (two NOUNS).

a. Life, refers to the possession of spiritual life through trusting in Jesus as the Messiah/Savior.
b. Abundance, refers to the experience of a new quality of life here on earth through consistent fellowship with God.
(Rom. 14:17 - righteousness, peace and joy)

G. He comes for judgment: Luke 12:49; John 9:39-41
H. To promote truth: John 18:36-37; Luke 4:43
I. No compromise: Mt. 10:34-36; Luke 12:51-53
J. Fulfillment of Old Testament: Mat. 5:17

11. The message of John the baptizer: Mt. 3:2-6 with Acts 19:4

A. The kingdom of the heavens (pl) is at hand: engidzō - Perfect active indicative

B. (therefore) repent: metanoeō - change your mind about the kingdom and about God. Ie, attitude of belief - Lk. 3:3

C. The pathway is made clear in the hearts of men: Is. 40:3-8

D. Mat. 3:3 - make straight: euthus - straight, right, upright. refers to making yourself ready to receive Him and His kingdom viewpoint and policy.

E. Luke 1:13-17, 76-79
F. Mt. 3:5-12; Luke 3:7-18
G. Acts 19:4 - telling them to believe in Him who was coming.

12. The message of Jesus: Mt.4:13-17 based on Luke 4:18-21

A. The purpose of His presence is to proclaim: Luke 4:43
B. Mt. 4:23 - the gospel of the kingdom (cf. v.17,23 - preach, proclaim)
C. Mark 1:14-15, "change your mind and believe in the gospel."
D. Proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom: Mat. 9:35; 11:1-5, 11; Luke 8:1; 9:11
E. John 8:24, "unless you believe that I AM, you shall die in your sins."
F. Acts 1:3, "concerning the kingdom of God."

13. The message of the disciples: Mt. 10:27; Lk. 9:2; 10:9, 11;
Luke 9:60 - go and proclaim everywhere the kingdom of God

14. The message of the early church:

A. Philip: Acts 8:12, about the kingdom of God
B. Paul: Acts 19:8-10; 20:32; 20:25; 28:23, 31 - "about the kingdom of God."
C. 1 Cor. 15:50,
D. Gal. 5:21, inheriting the kingdom of God
E. Eph. 5:5

15. Entrance into the spiritual kingdom:

Mt. 5:3; Jn. 3:3-5; Mt. 5:20; 7:21 with 12:50; Jn. 6:28,40
Mt. 19:23-26; 18:1-4; 19:14 + fellowship; 21:31-32; 22:2-14;
Mark 9:47; 12:34.
All these passages clarify that entrance into the kingdom is through trusting in Jesus as the Messiah/Savior.
At Luke 18:17, the issue of faith is described as "receive the kingdom of God."
At John 1:12 it is called, "as many as received HIM . . . that is, to those who believe in His name."

16. Messiah's presence and work on the cross fulfills the strategic victory of Gen. 3:15

A. It provides a tactical "spiritual" victory: Heb. 2:14-15 with Col. 2:15
That is, everything that was needed to "spiritually" defeat Satan was accomplished on the cross and confirmed by the resurrection.

B. And also provides a strategic physical victory: Jn. 16:11; 12:31
That is, the ACTUAL physical defeat of Satan is far into the future (when He returns), but the "strategy" for that future "tactical" (physical) victory was established on the cross.

C. the delay between the spiritual and heavenly kingdom of God is so that there will be a maximum promotion and vindication of divine essence within the human race and as a proclamation to the fallen angels.
Eph. 3:8-11; Rom. 3:25-26 (2 Pet. 3:9).

D. The tactical physical victory will take place in 2 stages.

1. The 2nd advent: Rev. 11:15; 20:1-3
2. End of the 1000 year reign: 1 Cor. 15:24; Rev. 20:10

17. The kingdom's presence (the personal presence of Jesus as the Messiah/Savior) was rejected by the evangelistic agent that was in place at the time of Messiah's arrival (Israel). Mt. 11:12; Luke 16:16; Mt. 23:13

A. They rejected the herald: John the baptizer Mt. 21:23-32; Lk. 24-35
B. They rejected Christ's person and message before the cross. John 5:17-18; 6:22-59; 7:1; 8:33-59
C. They rejected Christ at the cross. Jn. 18:39-40; 19:1-7, 14-22
D. They rejected Christ after the resurrection: Acts 4:1-3, 13-18; 5:29-40; 9:1-2
E. Because of this, God replaced Israel with a different priestly agent to fulfill His evangelistic plan. Mt. 21:33-46; 13:12; 23:37-38; Eph. 3:1-11, 21; 1 Pet. 2:9-10; Deut. 32:21; Isaiah 28:9-22; 65:1, 13-16

F. But Israel will be restored in the future: Rom.11:22-32; Mt. 23:39

18. The 10 kingdom parables of Matthew 13 and Mark 4:

A. Mt. 13:3 -

1. Many things: principles of kingdom truth
2. in parables: DEFINITION - a normal, bona fide human activity which is used as an illustrative teaching aid for spiritual truth.

B. Ten parables were given by Jesus at this particular setting to teach several different factors concerning the kingdom of God, but none of them have an earthly kingdom in view.

1. The Soils: salvation and growth, Mt. 13:3-9, 18-23; Mk. 4:2-9, 14-20 (Luke 8:4-15)
2. The Lamp: Service - Mk. 4:21-25
3. The Soil: Divine production - Mark 4:26-29
4. The Tares: false believers - Mt. 13:24-30, 37-43
5. The Mustard seed: Kingdom progress - Mt. 13:31-32
6. The Leaven: Kingdom influence - Mt. 13:33
7. The Treasure: response to truth (category not searching) Mt. 13:44
8. The Pearl: response to truth (category searching) - Mt. 13:45-46
9. The Fishing net: judgment at the 2nd advent - Mt. 13:47-50 (baptism of fire - Mt. 3:12)
10. The Household manager: the new priestly agent to replace the nation of Israel. Mt. 13:51-52

19. The kingdom during the church age: There is no focus or teaching on the earthly reign of the Messiah.

A. Apostolic authority: Mt. 16:18-19; 18:18; John 20:23
B. Kingdom citizenship: Acts 26:18; Col. 1:13; 1 Thes. 2:12; James 2:5; Rev. 1:9; 1 Cor. 6:9-10; Phil. 3:20
C. Kingdom function: Rom. 14:17; 1 Cor. 4:20; Gal. 5:6
D. Kingdom glory: Acts 14:22; 2 Tim. 4:18; Heb. 12:28; 2 Pet. 1:11
E. Kingdom service: Col. 4:11, Luke 18:29-30; 2 Thes. 1:4-5; 2 Cor. 5:20, "we are ambassadors for Christ."

20. The kingdom taught in the Old Testament:

A. General sphere of divine viewpoint as the absolute truth of the universe. Ps. 145:11-13

B. General sphere of divine sovereignty as the absolute authority of the universe. Dan. 4:3, 34; 7:27; 1 Chron. 29:11; Ps. 147:7-8

C. God's sphere of influence as He delegated authority to the nation of Israel. 1 Chron. 28:5; 2 Chron. 13:8

D. God's sphere of influence in Messiah's future earthly kingdom.
Ps. 22:25-31; Dan. 7:13-14; Obadiah 21; Zech. 9:10; 14:9

21. Miscellaneous passages:

A. Joseph of Arimathea: Mt. 27:57; Mk. 15:43; Lk. 23:50-51
A man who was "waiting for the kingdom of God," and who "became a disciple of Jesus."

B. John 18:36, The kingdom is a SPIRITUAL kingdom that functions within the physical realm but does not operate on the laws of the physical realm. Thus, Jesus does not FIGHT - because it is not a PHYSICAL conflict (Eph. 6:12; 2 Cor. 10:3-6)

C. Parable of the Laborers: kingdom equality - Mt. 20:1-16
The time that a person enters the kingdom is not an issue.
All enter on the same terms and thus there is perfect equality as far as family STATUS is concerned. Rewards for faithfulness while here on earth provide a different gauge for measuring spiritual victory, but have no effect on salvation status.

D. The earthly kingdom: The earthly kingdom is actually not in view in any of Christ's teachings nor in the apostolic letters. His focus was always on the "here and now" entrance and living in the kingdom of God; and the future HEAVENLY participation in the kingdom.

1. Arrival: Mt. 24:32-33; Lk. 21:31 is not looking at the earthly kingdom but at the future heavenly kingdom.
2. Heb. 1:8, Christ's kingdom which is GIVEN to Him after the resurrection (Eph. 1:20-22), but is not administrated until the day of the Lord judgments are finalized.  (Heb. 10:12-13; Rev. 11:15ff).
At Hebrews 1:8, "His kingdom" refers to the eternal kingdom and not the earthly kingdom promised to Israel.
At Eph. 1:21, "the age to come" is probably best seen as referring to the "eternal" age rather than the mil kingdom.

3. Rev. 11:15; 12:10
4. Perpetuation: Lk. 1:33; 1 Cor. 15:24
5. Disorientation: Lk. 19:11-27, "they SUPPOSED that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately." They were looking for an earthly kingdom.

E. 2 Timothy 4:1-3, The arrival of Jesus at the day of the Lord, which is the expectation of the church, also initiates the completion of God's kingdom plan but is looking at the heavenly kingdom rather than the earthly kingdom. That is why Paul charges Timothy "in view of" that is, "BY His appearing AND His kingdom."


22. Related topics:




D. Ambassadorship: professional Christian ambassador

E. GROWTH: Spiritual growth


KORAH: The Rebellion of Korah

1. Definition: A category of apostasy that rejects divine authority in both spiritual and moral living through verbal and overt opposition.

A. Jude 11, rebellion: antilogia

1. anti = against
2. logia = word, speech
3. Thus, to speak against in arrogance and rebellion

B. It takes its name from a man of the Exodus generation who organized a revolt against the moral and spiritual authority invested in Moses. Numbers 16:1-3

C. To oppose God's delegated authority is to oppose God himself. Num. 16:2 with v. 11

2. The historical account then is recorded at Numbers 16:1-50
3. God establishes authority in order to provide order and stability within society. Prov. 29:4 with 21:15 and Ec. 8:11
4. The role of authority is actually to reflect the standards of God in both spiritual and moral living.
Psalm 82 with 2 Chron. 19:5-7 and Rom. 13:1-4

5. Local spiritual authority in the nation of Israel was vested in the priests and Levites, living in the towns.
Lev. 10;11; Num. 18:4; Deut. 18:5; Mal. 2:4-7

A. Moral authority was vested in local judges from the various tribes. Deut. 16:18-20
B. National spiritual authority was vested in the prophets who carried the message, "thus says the Lord." Deut. 18:20-22 with 13:1-5

C. National moral authority was later vested in a king which God counseled against but permitted.
Deut. 17:14-20; 1 Sam. 8:4-9

D. Accordingly, the highest respect was to be given to each of these authorities. Ex. 22:28

6. The rebellion of Korah represents an initial rejection of God's policy for moral and spiritual authority in the nation.

A. Moses as the prophet: Num. 12:6-8 cf. Deut. 18:15
B. Aaron as the priest: Exodus 28:1
C. Korah was a Levite who wanted priestly and political authority. Num. 16:10
D. The 250 Levite leaders didn't necessarily want priesthood authority but they wanted an "equality" of authority for the people. Num. 16:3, "all the congregation are holy."

E. The 3 Reubenites were in cahoots with Korah pursuing both priestly and political authority.
F. The mass of people were duped into thinking that these "leaders" had their interests in mind in seeking to promote equality and unity.

7. Just a few months prior to the rebellion of Korah, there was another rebellion against God's authority as vested in Moses. Num. 12:1-15

A. It was expressed by only Miriam and Aaron.
B. Aaron organized it but it was through the jealous emotionalism of Miriam that he did so.
C. It was a private confrontation with Moses, but God gave it a public resolution as an authority lesson to all the people.

D. So the issue that is established is that God insists on authority respect among his people.

8. The example of Elisha and the rebel teenage gang: 2 Kings 2:23-25

A. They should have been "executed" long before this expression of rebellion based on the standards found at Deut. 21:18-21.

B. So Elisha was simply carrying out the policy of God with regard t undisciplined, rebellious teenagers.

9. The genetic drift perpetuates authority rebellion as illustrated at Prov. 30:11-14
See Topic:

10. Rejection of authority in the spiritual realm: 1 Sam. 15:23

A. Isaiah generation: Is. 8:11-22
B. Jeremiah generation: Jer. 1:4-10, 16-19
C. Ezekiel generation: Ezek. 2:1-7
D. Rejection of John the dipper: Mat. 21:32
E. Messiah generation: Luke 2:34; Mat. 21:23-28a, 42-46

11. Rebellion against Paul's divine authority.

A. Evangelistic authority: Acts 13:45; 28:17-19
B. Local church activity: 1 Cor. 4:1-21; 14:36-38; 2 Cor. 10:7-18; 6:11-12

12. Local church authority: 1 Pet. 5:5; Heb. 13:7, 17; 1 Thes. 5:12-13
13. The local church communicators must have the ability and motivation to rebuke those in rebellion against God's doctrine and policy. Titus 1:9; 3:10-11; 2 Tim. 2:24-26

14. For the believer in general, his only true authority is God as represented in the absolute standards of the Bible.

A. Therefore, anytime someone is in a place of authority, his office is to be respected.
B. But false doctrine taught must be rebuked and refuted.
Example of Elihu: Job 32:1-22 with 1 Thes. 5:20-22

C. Example in moral living:

1. Titus 3:1; Rom. 13:1-7; 1 Pet. 2:13-17
2. Dan. 6:7-10; 3:13-18

D. Example in spiritual living: Acts 23:3-5; 4:18-20 with 5:27-29

15. Miscellaneous illustrations of this apostasy: 2 John V. 9-10; 2 Tim. 4:14-15




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