Genesis 2:18-25 God provides the woman
Marriage was provided for the human race as the 2nd great gift for happiness and fulfillment in life.
The first gift was volition: there is no happiness, purpose or fulfillment in life when a person is a "robot." God gave man free will so that he might by choice, live in the sphere of fellowship with the Godhead. This has been discussed in connection with Gen. 2:15-17.
The gift of marriage is a partnership between one man and one woman wherein each fulfills the other through soul and body communication and fellowship.
The design was provided by God in the garden of Eden even before sin entered into the world. In this passage we not only have the historical record of God's act of providing the woman for Adam, but we have as well, the 7 basic principles for the proper understanding and function of marriage.
Principle #1: The principle of benefit. Gen. 2:18a,
1. And Yahweh God said: God initiates this. He makes the evaluation, the recognition and the determination.
2. It is not good: tobh = acceptable, beneficial
Verse 2:18b, Principle #2
The principle of divine provision,
1. I will make for him:
Apply James 1:17, "every good thing bestowed and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow." GOD IS THE SOURCE.
Paul tells us, "For indeed, man was not created BECAUSE OF the woman, but the woman, BECAUSE OF the man," (1 Corinthians 11:9).
That is, "because" it was the man who had the need, not the
The principle that we must recognize is that God is the one who has provided
the "companionship" of the woman and on that basis the "mutual"
relationship provision for both the man and the woman.
Principle #3: The principle of perfect design
1. "a helper, corresponding to him."
2. In verse 19, it is told that among all the animals with God had made, there was none that we could view as a "helper" corresponding to Adam. That is, one who was equal to him and "counter" to him.
3. In comparing this with the animal kingdom we discern that there was no "match" or "fit" of an "opposite number" for Adam. I suggest therefore, that the idea is not purely a "soul" counterpart, but one which is an obvious "physical" counterpart as well. This is further enhanced by the means by which God created the woman (from Adam's rib) and the fact that the two were both "naked" and unashamed. The significance of mentioning "naked" is to indicate the "conspicuous" physical difference and yet correspondence between them, and to showcase the proper attitude of "not ashamed" as indication of their total understanding and acceptance of this physical reality.
Verse 19-20 has provided fodder for those who look for contradictions in the Bible. It is claimed that God creates the animals and brings them to the man AFTER v. 18, which contradicts the fact that the animals were created BEFORE the man in Gen. 1:24-25.
However, v. 2:19 is not given a "new" creation account, but simply summarizing what had happened BEFORE the evaluation of v. 18 was made.
The correct translation of v. 19 is, "And out of the ground, Yahweh God HAD formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, and HAD brought them to the man, to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name."
God created the animals before the man and then after the man was created, God brought the animals to him. Then it was determined that there was no "corresponding" helper for Adam, and God decided to make one.
Verse 21, The Divine surgeon.
There is no reason to take this narrative any differently than the rest. Therefore, this is a "real" operation that removes from Adam one rib, or more precisely, one PAIR of ribs, from which is built a body corresponding to his body, and into which is placed the "breath of the spirit of lives," so that she too became a living soul (Gen. 1:26) who would now function as Adam's helper, soul-mate and lover.
The word, "ribs" is the Hebrew, tsālA, and means a "side." However, Adam's "side" was not taken, but that which is along his side, or as it has been rendered, a rib. The word is used to indicate a terrace or ridge on a hillside (2 Sam. 16:13).
1. And the rib which Yahweh God had taken from the man, He built:
God simply used the "building material" of the rib (already formed from the chemicals of the soil, Gen. 2:7) to produce a similar (corresponding) body which would have a natural affinity to the one from whom she was taken rather than simply coming from the chemicals of the soil herself.
2. Into a woman: ishAh means the one who comes from ish (man).
She did not have a name when she was built. It was not until God brought her to Adam that he exercised his rulership priority and gave her a name most appropriate and logical, "since she was taken out of man," (v. 23).
3. And brought her to the man:
Principle #4: The principle of authority. "He brought her to the man."
Verse 23, Principle #5: The principle of soul communication.
1. And the man said:
2. This is now, bone from my bone: The preposition, min, indicates the source of the woman's basic structure or frame. The bone structure establishes the woman's body as a true "physical" counterpart.
3. And flesh from my flesh: The same preposition (min) indicates the source of the woman's bodily appearance (the skin). The fleshly appearance of the woman also establishes her body as a true "physical" counterpart.
4. She (this one) shall be called ishAh (woman), because she (this one) was taken out of ish (man).
5. During marriage, soul communication is the key for true happiness,
Verse 24a, Principle #6: The principle of separation of authority structures.
1. Therefore (for this reason): Because each man and each woman have ONE counterpart which perfectly fulfills them.
2. A man shall leave his father and mother: The marriage unit operates independent from parents.
Verse 24b, Principle #7: The principle of mutual fulfillment through body communication.
"and they shall become one flesh."
1. This puts the man and the woman under a totally new set of laws for human activity.
2. Before, they were children learning in the home,
3. Before, the were children provided for,
4. Before, they were children having no sexual activity.
5. Factors of the one flesh principle:
V. 25 The reality of no shame
1. And the man and his woman: Indicates the two of them as a "one flesh unit."
2. Were both naked: Equality in physical status.
3. And were not ashamed: No negative attitudes such as guilt and/or embarrassment.
4. See Topic: Marriage: The provision
İRon Wallace, http://www.biblefragrances.com.
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