HEBREWS 10:26-39  


HEBREWS 10:26-39

Verse 26  For if we go on sinning willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,

In verse 25, he just got done mentioning a grievous sin on the part of MANY Christians.
“Not forsaking our own assembling together, AS THE HABIT OF SOME IS -
that is - to forsake Christian associations and fellowship.

It is THIS sin that constitutes NOT living the Christian life properly in this context. Their failure to “assemble” is for various reasons - but basically, because they have got caught up in the distractions of life and chose not to FIND time to associate and assemble with the church.

Verse 26, for if we go on sinning willfully:
This refers to choosing a life style that de-emphasizes the public assembly
worship in the local church, and in so doing, he loses his focus on Christ and begins to retrogress (backslide) to ever increasing levels  - to finally reach the place (in many cases) where they no longer remember their cleansing
from sin at salvation (2 Pet. 1:9).
In such a case, they have no where else to go - nothing else to which they can appeal.
“for there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him, with whom we have to do.”  (Heb. 4:13)

And we must “do” with Him according to HIS terms, not our own.
When we reject His resources and His standards (continuing in sin) we cannot
avail ourselves of His spiritual provisions for living here on earth, which
are based on the ONE sacrifice of Christ on the cross. Instead, we reap the misery and frustration of a “child of God”  who has been “grounded” (or worse) for disobedience.

The sacrifice for sins involves two things:
1. It involves the payment for the “penalty” for sin which is spiritual death.
  This embraces
ALL sins - past and future.
  It is utilized by faith in Christ which places us into union  with Christ -
  So that - IN HIM, we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our
  sins (Eph. 1:7).

2. It also involves the spiritual effects of sin in our life.
   A. At the moment of trust in Christ, the spiritual effects of our sins upon
      our earthly life are totally reversed.
   B. We are no longer enemies of God; no longer “doing” sin. Everything that we
      had EVER done in life is FORGIVEN and  we are placed into fellowship with
   C. This is available to the believer BECAUSE Christ paid for all sins on the

   D. This is what John is talking about at 1 John 1:7,
     (1. if we walk in the light: ie, abide in Him by using His word to govern
       our soul through the filling/control of the Spirit.
     (2. We have fellowship with one another (that is, us with God and God with
     (3. This is the experience of “enjoying” life with God because we are
         operating on the same wave length as God is on. We are letting HIS LIGHT
         govern our soul.
         If we do NOT walk in the light we do not have fellowship with Him.
AND the blood of Jesus His Son, continually cleanses us from all sin.
         This is the basis for fellowship.
         If we do a personal sin - then our fellowship is broken.
     (5. But BECAUSE Christ paid for
ALL sins and specifically this personal sin
         we just did, we are able to get back into fellowship by “acknowledging”
         the sin to Him- 1 John 1:9.
     (6. When we “confess” (acknowledge, agree with God about it) our sin, He is-         FAITHFUL:  faithful to do the same thing every time on the same basis.
JUST: His character of justice is satisfied because the sin has
         ALREADY been paid for. It does not need to be paid for again.

         TO FORGIVE: us our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
         That is, to restore us to fellowship.
     (7. Many times we will forget a sin that was committed and yet still be
         removed from fellowship with God. However, very soon one or more
         additional sins will occur, and when these are confessed, the "unknown"
         sins will also be forgiven - "cleanse from ALL unrighteousness."

Now - if we sin (get out of fellowship) and “remain” that way; persisting in our spiritual rebellion (like the carnal believers at 1 Cor. 3:1-3), we are WILLFULLY remaining in opposition to Him.
In such a case, “there remains no more sacrifice for sins.”
What Jesus did on the cross for my personal sins (in time) does me NO GOOD because I am NOT appealing to the cross. I am staying out of fellowship. Therefore, there is nothing that can be done about it. I cannot be placed back into fellowship with Him because I am “ignoring” the ONLY sacrifice that can restore me to fellowship.

Verse 27  But a certain terrifying expectation of judgment (krisis) and a fiery zeal, which will consume the adversaries.

JUDGMENT is divine discipline.
We must not look at the word judgment and over-react, thinking it ONLY comes
to the unbeliever.
krisis is simply an expression of divine justice.
Justice can be expressed toward the unbeliever: in time - and in eternity.
Justice can be expressed to the BELIEVER after this life- at the reward seat
of Christ when our works are JUDGED. 1 Cor. 3:10-15
See Topic: Reward seat of Christ

AND in time when we come under DISCIPLINE - 1 Cor. 11:31-32,
But if we evaluated (diakrin
ō) ourselves rightly,
we should not be judged (krin
But when we are judged (krin
ō), we are disciplined (paideuo) by the Lord in order that we may not be condemned (katakrino) in association with the world.
See Topic: Discipline on the believer

Verse 28  Anyone who has set aside the law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses:

This is “physical death” which was the “temporal” punishment for the
violation of certain Mosaic regulations. A discipline on GOD’S PEOPLE
because they had violated His laws.

Verse 29a How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve . . .

GREATER discipline because of a greater violation.
In the example, the violation is one of the Mosaic regulations.
Here, the violation is “spitting on” the sacrifice of Christ.
For that is what we do ANYTIME we do ANY sin - -
But then, especially, when we fail to confess it -
We “walk all over” Jesus and the blood of the covenant (sacrifice of Jesus)
BY WHICH HE WAS SANCTIFIED: Aorist passive indicative.
(sanctified in the past as a completed work of God back at that time.)

Verse 29b, who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded
as unclean the blood of the covenant, by which he was sanctified,
and has insulted THE SPIRIT OF GRACE?

Verse 30  For we know him who said, Vengeance is mine, I will repay. And again, The Lord shall JUDGE (krin

1. Vengeance is simply the expression of God’s justice toward those who are
   violating His righteousness. Vengeance is in God’s hands - not man’s.
2. God will judge HIS PEOPLE. Who?  His people.
   The subject is HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE - not unbelievers.
   And “judge” = discipline (1 Cor. 11:31-32)

Verse 31  It is a terrifying thing (phoberos - fearful,terrible) thing
to fall into the hands of the living God.

It certainly IS! That is just the point. Discipline is NOT FUN!
1 Cor.
11:30, “for this cause, many are weak and sick and dead.”

Heb. 12:6, calls it “scourging” - that is to whip someone.
Verse 11, “all discipline seems not to be joyful but sorrowful”


Verse 32-35  But call to remembrance the former days, when after being
enlightened, you endued a great conflict of sufferings, partly by being
made a public spectacle through reproaches and tribulations,
and partly by becoming sharer with those who were so treated.
34  for you showed sympathy to the prisoners, and accepted joyfully the
seizure of your property, knowing that you have for yourselves a better
possession and an abiding one.
Verse 35  Therefore, do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward.
In other words, don't stop living the way you were when you were first saved.
What reward? The promise of verse 36.

Verse 36  for you have need of endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive the promise.

And what is the promise? At Heb. 6:12, it occurs in the plural - promises.
What promises are these?
Those blessings which the believer is able to experience BECAUSE he is doing the will of God here on earth - ie, living LIKE a saint and a child of God.
The very blessings Peter discusses at 1 Pert. 3:9-12 (which is quoted from Psalm 34:12-13).
Blessings of A GOOD
LIFE here on earth.
Heb. 6:13-16 - example - what was promised to Abe - which he experienced WHILE IN THIS
LIFE - verse 15.

Exhortation in view of the expectancy for Christ’s return.

Verse 37  For yet in a very little while, He who is coming will come and will not delay.
As in verse 25, "as you see the day drawing near."
The early church lived in expectation of the Lord's coming. That coming would be portended
by certain events of a specific nature. The instruction here speaks of an urgency for public
assembly worship in view of the progress of historical events that would suggest a soon arrival
of THE DAY. If indeed, the believers of that time, or of any subsequent generation, were to
find themselves living in the right historical context, then they are here instructed to be extra diligent in meeting together for normal worship and study. This does not lessen the importance
of such worship activity at other times in history, but simply gives greater emphasis in view of
the HABIT of believers to neglect and de-emphasize public assembly worship.

Here, the idea of "a little while" is expectation according to the timing of God.
It is not imminence, but expectation in a tribulation context, which could materialilze at
anytime as the church age progresses. This is the message of Paul at
2Thes. 1:5-10. The persecution the believers were facing could possibly escalate into THE tribulation.

Verse 38 but my righteous one SHALL LIVE BY FAITH; and if he shrinks back, my soul has no pleasure in him.

God does not have pleasure in the one who does not abide IN FELLOWSHIP.
Any expression of sin is
TOO MUCH and displeases God (grieves the Holy Spirit).
Rom. 14:17-18 indicates that if we are not living in righteousness, peace and joy in the sphere of the Holy Spirit, that we are NOT pleasing God.

Verse 39a, But we are not of those who shrink back (hupostole) to detruction (apoleia).

The word means “destruction” and it refers to the “physical” death mentioned in verse 28, “dies without mercy.”
It is the destruction of the body - not the destruction of the soul.
It is divine discipline to the max - which is what should be avoided at all costs. It is called the sin unto death at 1 John 5:16, "there is a sin unto death."
1 Cor. 11:30, “for this cause, many are weak and sick and DEAD.”
See topic: sin unto death

While you are still on earth, there is opportunity to fulfill your priesthood, but once you die (and go to heaven) your opportunity is over and you are “stuck” with what you have already done or not done as may be the case.
It also speaks of “ruinination” of one’s life through backsliding.

Verse 39b, but of those who have faith to the preserving OF THE SOUL.
The word "saving" in the KJV is - peripoiesis - and means to possess, protect, preserve. It does not mean saving.

It refers to the “preservation” of the soul-function of peace, joy and stability which comes through “obedience” - ie, living the Christian way of life the way it should be lived.
It refers to possessing and maintaining the quality of life mentioned at 1 Peter

The translation in the KJV of “believe” is wrong - because it is NOT a verb, but a noun. The
NASB reads, “but OF those who have faith.”
Literally, it should read, “but of faith.”
What KIND of faith is in view? Not “saving” faith, but “living” faith.
That is what the writer
NOW focuses on in the next chapter when he writes, “Now FAITH is the assurance of things held confident, the conviction of things not seen.” (Heb. 11:1).
And he continues by showing us the many believers of the Old Testament
and how they “lived” out their faith -
“for by it (faith) men of old gained a testimony” (Heb. 11:2).
These avoided discipline for most of there life. Some received discipline at various times. Even Moses received discipline of “death” because of his
ONE act of failure, but he did not lose his salvation.

The point to all this is that one can either “live by faith” (V.
10:38) and reap the wonderful benefits of spiritual blessings here on earth -
or one can fail to “grow up” in the faith and retrogress (backslide) to various degrees and experience instead, great misery and sorrow and pain here on earth - and in heaven, loss of reward.

And that is why AFTER giving us the believer’s “hall of fame” in chapter 11, he moves on to the subject of divine discipline in chapter 12:4-13.
Summarized at v.
1. “And make straight paths for your feet: turn your life around
2. So that the limb which is lame: your LIFE which is crippled from being out of fellowship.
3. and NOT be put out of joint: maximum divine discipline -
Put out of commission; removed from this life as a failure and casualty of war.

It must be said at this point that not even a "life-style" of sin
will lose one's salvation.
1. The believer is sealed by the Holy Spirit: Eph. 1.13-14
   Nothing can break that seal. not even us.
2. Nothing can take us out of the hand of the Father- John 10.29
   and that includes the believer's life style.
3. The believer is guarded by the power of God (through faith)
   for a salvation "ready" to be revealed at the last day. 1 Pet.1.3-5
4. Nothing can separate the believer from the love of God which is in
   Christ Jesus. Rom. 8.38-39   "nor any other created thing"
   certainly includes the believer - regardless of his life style.


CT> Sinning willingly is also described trodding under foot Jesus and
CT> counting Jesus' Blood unholy. Not a simple sin, but a rejecion
CT> of Jesus and despising Jesus. Somewhat more complex.

As serious a matter as this is - it does not constitute loss of
salvation. The context deals with discipline on the believer who
rebels against God - like the Corinthians did. It is not talking
about getting and losing salvation.
the intensity of the language, "fury of fire" etc, communicates the
seriousness of sin and the intensity of God's disciplinary action.
Such as at Heb. 12.6 - whom the Lord loves He disciplines
   and "scourges" every son whom He receives.
  (scourges communicates the intensity of discipline on the child)
and 1 Cor. 11.30, where we find 3 stages of discipline - the final
one being "sleep" ie, physical death.

Heb. 10.27 - the quote from the OT communicates the physical judgment
  on God's enemies - in the context of Is. 26.
Heb. 10.28 - the example from the OT is in ref. to a "physical death"
  judgment - is it not?
Heb. 10.29 - how much more the child of God who "leaves his first love"
and despises the grace of God in saving Him.

Thus the point, God will discipline (judge) His people - Heb. 10.30
And it is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of God - v. 31
   But this is a context for a believer being disciplined by God.
Indeed, according to 1 Cor.
11:31-32 - discipline from God is
  identified as being judged by Him.

So then - discipline is not fun (Heb. 12:11) but it is designed to
get the erring child back on the right path of bringing honor and
glory to God here on this earth.

And if after, many sessions of discipline from God, the believer
continues to rebel - God will remove him from this life and the place
of privileged ambassadorship here on earth and recall him to heaven
in shame and disgrace with minimal reward if any (1 Cor. 3:15);
     "yet he himself will be saved"

CT>It compares the severity of the punishment to one
CT>who dies "without mercy" under Moses' law

   And what was the ultimate punishment but physical death -
the issue is temporal judgment on "God's people" who violate His
Example:  The Sabbath violator was to be executed.
Do you think that Sabbath violation which was supposed to result in
physical death - would also result in loss of salvation?

CT>and says the punishment under the new covenant
CT>will be even more severe. As it says in the passage,
CT>The Lord will judge His people.

Of course He will judge His people. Then as now.
I just believe that that judgment in the context of one
who is a member of the family of God, is divine discipline.

CT>I will not presume to take out of the hands of the Lord His
CT>ability to judge His people, including me.

No one has suggested taking away from God His sovereign
prerogatives - it is simply attempt to define those prerogatives.
God has condemned all unbelievers to the lake of fire.
The believer has been "saved" from that lake by the life of Christ.
God's "judgment" on the believer is now limited to the prerogative
of divine discipline to elicit righteous behavior here on earth
in order to fulfill the responsibility of ambassadorship for Christ.

CT>The phrase "without mercy" in
CT>this passage is interesting to me,

The term "without mercy" simply communicates the absolute
standard for "physical" judgment on one who violated the law.
It means that God will not compromise in that area.
It is not a salvation issue. It deals with a "social" judgment that
God expected the leadership of the nation to carry out.

CT>for, if compared to the new
CT>testement believer as shown, they die "without mercy" and "more
CT>severely" as the passage says.

Again, the principle is that God does not compromise.
His standards are meant to be observed.
The more severe idea is because now since we are living in a
"spiritual" kingdom instead of a theocratic nation (Israel),
the standards are "higher". Now it is not "just" overt violations
of the Mosaic law that are judged, it is specific "spiritual"
violations in reference to the presence of the Messiah dwelling
spiritually among His people.
It is saying that the standard for "physical" death as punishment
is now more rigid since we have the reality of Christ's work and
life and death and resurrection as the code of life.
But the issue is "still" God disciplining His people.



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