REVELATION 11:14-19  

Revelation 11:14-19

In reference to vs. 11:1-13, the 1260 day testimony of the two witnesses is over. There is controversy whether the 3 1/2 days of verse 9 is inclusive in the 1260 or subsequent to them. The issue revolves around whether there is an additional 30 days that follow the closing of the 1260 days of the 2nd half of Daniel’s 70th week, as is suggested by the 1290 days of Daniel 12:11, or whether everything is at this time finished.
It is the view of this writer that Daniel is shown that there will be an additional 30 days after the 1260 days of the second half of the week. This is in order to cleanse the earthly temple of the abomination and to judge Satan and the living unbelievers including the beast and the false prophet. In addition, based on Daniel 12:12, there is yet an additional 45 days that brings us to the blessing of Messiah’s kingdom. It is during this time that the living believers and unbelievers are separated from one another so that only the believers go alive into Messiah’s kingdom.

If the end of the week is ALL THERE IS, then the event at Rev. 11:13, would take place at the end. However, repeating what was stated previously, the focus is on Jerusalem and NOT the valley of Megiddo, where the final physical conflict occurs, known as Armageddon. Here, there is no judgment on the beast, but a very specific crisis in the city. There is a great earthquake; one of FIVE that occur on the earth during that time period known as the end times. The language does not describe an END idea, but leaves room for more time and more events.

However, the end of Daniel’s 70th week has indeed arrived. This means that the 42 month reign of the beast is over (Rev. 13:5-7), and the Gentile control over the holy city is over (Rev. 11:2). But, the beast and his armies are still in Jerusalem. Christ has been PRESENT AT the earth since His arrival in the clouds at the 6th seal (Rev. 6:12-17), but He will not begin His reign over the earth until the end of the 70th week. It is at this time that He takes control of the nations, and begins to administer the final wrath of God on the earth. This includes the destruction of the beast and the false prophet; those who have been destroying it (Rev. 11:18). This judgment is executed by the third woe, which is the seven bowl judgments and culminates with the battle of Armageddon. It is at this time that Jesus will set foot ON the earth to defeat the world’s armies in the Valley of Megiddo, as we see at Rev. 19:11ff.

Thus at verse 14 we are given an update of events.

“The second woe is past; behold the third woe is coming quickly.”

The second woe is the 6th trumpet based on Revelation 9:13, where the 5th trumpet is identified as the first woe. The 6th trumpet announces the movement of a large military body that kills a third of the earth’s population. I believe this is the king of the North attacking the beast (the king of the west) seeking to gain resources and security for himself and his allies in view of the economic crisis produced by the first four trumpet judgments. Chronologically, the movement of the king of the North is occurring at the time that the two witnesses are killed in Jerusalem as the 70th week comes to a close, and is preparatory to the final battle of Armageddon.
Since the 6th trumpet judgment brings us to the close of the 70th week, John is shown in chapter 10 that God plans to delay no longer (verse 10:6), “but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the prophets.”
Many views of this “mystery of God” are floating around out there. I will add my view to the parade and leave the reader to reach his own conclusion.
1. The mystery is in the context of ISRAEL, not the church. This mystery is not the mystery of Christ and the church mentioned at Eph. 3:3-10; 1:9; 6:19; Col. 1:26-27; 2:2; 4:3; Rom. 16:25; 1 Cor. 2:2, 7; 4:1, and 1 Tim. 3:16. Nor is it the mystery of lawlessness; Satan’s power and authority within the realm of the human race (2 Thes. 2:7), for there is certainly a direct contradiction of focus between mystery of GOD and mystery of LAWLESSNESS.

2. The mystery was revealed to God’s prophets. Since there is no mention of “apostles AND prophets” as we see at Ephesians 3:5, I believe the reference is to the Old Testament prophets.
3. The Old Testament prophets received information about this “mystery.” That mystery is about the future of Israel. This revolves around the 70 weeks prophecy of Daniel 9:24-27, and the future restoration of Israel as the chief of all the nations (Isaiah 2:2).
4. The mystery of Israel’s restoration is mentioned at Romans 11:25-27 as occurring AFTER the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. The fullness of the Gentiles is brought in at the rapture of the church, which occurs at some unknown day and hour between the midpoint and end of the 70th week of Daniel. After that the restoration of Israel begins and is fulfilled in the time period of the 7th trumpet. The events of the 7th trumpet include the 7 bowl judgments, Armageddon and the separation of believers from unbelievers after that, and the establishment of Messiah’s earthly kingdom (Rev. 11:18).

So since chapter 9 brings us to the end of the 70th week and verse 10:7 focuses on the end of the 70th week, it is reasonable to see the arrival of that END at verses 11:15-19.
But first, John is shown a contemporary event; the ministry of the two witnesses. Thus, verses 11:1-13 BACKS UP in the chronology to the beginning of the week, since John is shown that the two witnesses will minister for 1260 days, and likewise concludes with the end of the week, and in fact, gives us a 3 1/2 days extension - which has already been discussed.

The third woe, as mentioned above, includes the 7 bowl judgments which are identified as the final wrath of God poured out on the earth (Rev. 15:1, 16:1).

The word for quickly here is the adjective (tachus) used in the neuter (tachu) as an adverb, and occurs 7 times in the book of Revelation. Each time the idea is a SOON occurrence of the event in view. From the perspective of the vision that John is being shown, there are some things occurring in heaven as an introduction to the third woe. However, from the perspective of the people on the earth, the events of the third woe will begin to be seen immediately after the two witnesses are taken to heaven.

Then at verse 15, we have the sounding of the 7th trumpet. This, like the others, occurs in heaven and is part of the VISION that John is seeing and not something that is going to be heard on the earth. The 7th trumpet is the INDICATOR that the 70th week has concluded and the mystery of God’s personal reign on the earth has begun as I discussed earlier in reference to Revelation 10:6-7.

Thus, when we get to the end of the 70th week and the blowing of the 7th trumpet in heaven, we have the announcement of Messiah’s reign, the response on the earth, and the events that will now occur through His reign.

“And the seventh trumpet sounded; and there arose loud voices in heaven, saying - The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His anointed one, and He will reign forever and ever.”

The voices are recognizing something that has HAPPENED.
We see nothing directly stated in the context that indicates such a CHANGE of authority. It occurs because of divine mandate.
1. The ENDING of one mandate: The reign of the beast which was given to him, and was to last for 42 months (Rev. 13:5). “And authority to act for 42 months was given to him.”
Daniel 7:25, “and they will be given into his hand for a time, times and half a time (3 1/2 years).”
Daniel 7:26, “and his dominion will be taken away, annihilated and destroyed forever.”
His reign ended because the time expired. God said, “time’s up.”
But he is still alive on the earth and it is for the new KING to physically depose him and prepare the earth for God’s righteous reign.

2. And the BEGINNING of another mandate: The reign of the Messiah which is an everlasting dominion (Dan. 7:14, 27; Psalm 2:7-9).
Upon the successful first advent of Jesus the Messiah (His sacrifice and resurrection) He was invited and accepted to sit at the right hand of the Father in heaven. Psalm 110:1
“Yahweh says to my Lord, sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”
Jesus will SIT at the Father’s right hand in heaven as His official location until IT IS TIME for the change in mandates.
“But He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God, waiting from that time onward until His enemies be made a footstool for His feet,” (Hebrews 10:12-13).

The issue is TIMING. When the TIME comes to make his enemies his footstool, then He will “leave” the seat of the right hand and descend to the earth in the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. This is the second coming PROPER that is prophesied at Matthew 24:29-30 and Revelation 6:12-17 as the 6th seal. He then BEGINS to take control through the trumpet judgments as he executes divine justice on the unbelieving earth dwellers. At the conclusion of the 6th trumpet, the 70th week has come to an end, the dominion mandate of the beast has been removed and Jesus will accept the dominion mandate that is handed to Him.

This is recorded prophetically at Daniel 7:13,
“I kept looking in the night visions,
And behold, with the clouds of heaven
One like a Son of Man was coming,
And He came up to the Ancient of Days (in heaven)
And was presented before Him.” (in heaven)

This is NOT the second coming but the ascension of Jesus to the right hand of the Father after His resurrection.
Verse 14,
“And to Him was given dominion, glory and a kingdom
that all the peoples, nations, and of every language
might serve Him.”

Upon the ascension of Jesus to the right hand of the Father, the Father says, “Ask of me and I will surely give the nations as your inheritance,
and the very ends of the earth as your possession.” (Psalm 2:8)
Upon the success of Messiah’s first-advent ministry, a strategic victory is accomplished over Satan. The Father ASSIGNS all authority to the Son at that time. Ephesians 1:20-22,
“which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead, and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenlies, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come. And He put all things in subjection under His feet.”
But this authority is not PHYSICALLY given to Him until the end of the 70th week, when the authority of the beast is removed (Dan. 7:26-27).

The distinction between the SPIRITUAL decree and the PHYSICAL reality is seen at Hebrews 2:8-9,
“YOU HAVE PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET.” For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him.
But we do see Him who has been made for a little while lower than the angels, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor.”

Then, with the beast and a world of unbelievers still present on the earth, Jesus takes possession of the kingdom and is told to “rule in the midst of your enemies” (Psalm 110.2).
That is why at Psalm 2:9, it is necessary for him to
”break them with a rod of iron and . . . shatter them like pottery.”

Thus, at Daniel 7:14, after many years of waiting, “to Him was given dominion.” In between verse 14 and 15 is the lengthy period of time from 30 AD to the end of the 70th week. The issue here is not to give us the details, but to give us the two HIGH points; the ASCENSION of Jesus after His successful first advent ministry, and the REIGN of Jesus which begins at the end of the 70th week.

Returning to Revelation 11:16-18, we have the worship and proclamation of the 24 elders who apprise us of the situation as of the end of the week. Remember, they are mentioning things that occur as of this point in the chronology, that is, the end of the 70th week.
This is the basis for translating the aorist tense of REIGN, as an ingressive aorist, “begun to reign.”
1. You have taken your great power and have begun to reign.
As mentioned above, there is a change in dominion mandates.
The beast’s mandate is removed and the Messiah’s is established.
Two verbs are used to indicate the establishment of the Messiah’s reign.
(a) you have taken: This is a perfect active indicative of lambano.
The perfect tense indicates something that has occurred in the past, and the results will continue on into the future. The word POWER, is dunamis and refers to FUNCTIONAL power. The “past” from the perspective of the elders is the 6th seal descent of Jesus in the clouds of the sky with POWER (dunamis) and great glory (Mat. 24:30). He TOOK this POWER from the Father, and exercised it on the earth dwellers through the 6 trumpet judgments. (b) has BEGUN to reign. This verb is an aorist active indicative of basileuo. The context indicates that this is an INGRESSIVE aorist, which is very commonly used to indicate the beginning of the action in view. This BEGAN when the beast’s mandate was removed and the Messiah’s mandate was established. The preparation for that was the administration of POWER (dunamis) through the first six trumpets.

2. and the nations have become enraged.
The elders are acknowledging what is happening BECAUSE of the inception of Messiah’s reign. The nations HAVE BECOME enraged. This is an aorist passive indicative of orgidzomai, and indicates a CONDITION that occurs in view of Messiah’s reign. At the arrival of Jesus in the clouds of the sky, the earth dwellers will express great fear and worry (Mat. 24:30; Luke 21:26; Rev. 6:15-16). But once the initial shock of His arrival has worn off, they will return to their characteristic thoughts and actions of rebellion as is indicated at Revelation 9:20-21. This statement by the elders is making an observation about the nations in view of Messiah’s actions over the last several months via the trumpet judgments. They would not say, You have begun to reign and the nations WERE angry. They are talking about a condition that has been developing and has reached a climax. Thus, not “were angry” but “have become angry is the way the elders would express it.
This also shows us that AFTER the 70th week has ended, there are still nations on the earth who are rebellious against God. Remember, when the Messiah begins his reign, it is “in the midst of Your enemies,” (Ps. 110:2). They are present on the earth, in fact, physically POSSESSING the earth, and Jesus must first WREST that possession from them before He can establish His 1000 year reign of righteousness.

3. and your wrath has come.
The aorist active indicative of erchomai indicates, AGAIN, what occurs in view of the end of the week and the elders are making an observation. Thus, once again, not “wrath came,” but “wrath HAS COME.”
That is, this wrath has NOW arrived; it is TIME for this wrath to be expressed. This WRATH is different from the judgment of the 6 trumpets because that administration of justice occurred BEFORE the end of the week. The elders here are recognizing that NOW, as of the end of the week, God’s wrath has come. The focus is not on what has occurred IN or DURING the 70th week, but AS OF the end of the week. The idea is the same that is seen at Revelation 6:17, where the same construction is to be translated as, “wrath has come.” That is, it is NOW time for this wrath to be expressed. There, the initial wrath of God via the first 6 trumpets is in view. Here, the FINAL wrath of God is in view via the 7 bowls. The Greek word, orgā, is used because it is still Divine anger that is about to be expressed. But when the administration of that wrath is described, the more intense Greek word, thumos, is used.
This wrath is explained more specifically at Revelation 15:1 and 7 as the 7 last plagues through which “the wrath (thumos) of God is completed,” and at Rev. 16:1, “Go and pour out the 7 bowls of the wrath (thumos) of God into the earth.”
Both are used at Rev. 19:15 for God's action at the battle of Armageddon. "The intense wrath (thumos) of His anger (orgā)."
See study on wrath

4. and the time has come for the dead to be judged.
They are NOT saying that the dead will NOW be judged immediately. But they make a special point in saying that THE TIME has come.
The verb COME, is not present, but is understood based on its previous occurrence and still refers to what has NOW ARRIVED at this juncture in the chronology.
The believing dead will undergo their SPECIAL judgment; the evaluation of their deeds, sometime prior to Armageddon, for they are already seen as rewarded and dressed in white at Rev. 19:7-9.
This is the reward seat of Christ.
However, the unbelieving dead are not judged until the end of the 1000 year reign of the Messiah according to Revelation 20:11-15.
But it is the end of the 70th week that precipitates this final judgment on the unbelieving dead. Thus, it is TIME NOW for the events leading up to that final judgment to take place.

5. and (the time) to give their reward to Your bond servants the prophets and to the saints and to those who fear your name, the small and the great.
This amplifies the previous statement by focusing just on believers, who will have their works evaluated and rewarded at sometime between the end of the week and the physical descent of Jesus at Armageddon.

6. And (the time has come) to destroy those who destroy the earth.
This too is governed by the phrase, “and the time came.”
Now that Messiah has taken control over the earth, He must remove the enemies who have been destroying it. This refers primarily to the beast and the false prophet, but certainly includes all the armies that have assembled in Palestine for “the war of the great God, the Almighty.”
This final judgment on His enemies will occur through the 7 bowl judgments which begin immediately on the earth, but are not explained until chapter 15 and 16 of the Book of Revelation.
First, the vision will fill in some gaps concerning the nature and work of Satan’s plan to destroy the Christians and Jews. Those details are given in chapters 12-14 as addenda to what John has been shown so far.

Now that the TIME for God’s “final” wrath to be expressed on “those who destroy the earth,” John is once again shown the temple in heaven from where will come those final judgments on the earth.

Verse 19
1. And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple:

The first time that John is shown this temple “in heaven” is at verses 6:9-11, where the martyred believers are gathered under the altar.
Rev. 6:9 And when He broke the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God, and because of the testimony which they had maintained;
Rev. 6:10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?”
Rev. 6:11 And there was given to each of them a white robe; and they were told that they should rest for a little while longer, until {the number of} their fellow servants and their brethren who were to be killed even as they had been, should be completed also.

The word “temple” does not occur, but THE ALTAR is certainly part of this “temple of God which is in heaven.” The context there is JUDGMENT as the martyrs are beseeching the Lord to judge those who dwell on the earth. Of course, they are told to wait awhile since the authority granted to the beast to kill the saints had not yet been rescinded, and there were other believers who would yet be killed.
And then immediately at verses 12-17, we are shown the Day-of-the-Lord arrival of Jesus who brings “the great day of their wrath” which will be poured out on the earth dwellers.

We learn from Revelation 7 that before God’s judgment begins to be poured out, TWO THINGS will have happened.
(1) the rapture, the EVIDENCE of which is shown to us at vs. 7:9-17 via the great multitude standing before the throne.
(2) the conversion of the 144 thousand Jews who will function as “bond-servants of our God” to serve God on the earth during the months remaining until the battle of Armageddon.

Once these two events occur, God will begin to judge the earth dwellers through the seven trumpet judgments. And this is where John is shown the temple in heaven for the second time as recorded at verses 8:3-5.
Here, once again, the context is judgment as the saints’ prayers for justice begin to be answered.

Rev. 8:3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, holding a golden censer; and much incense was given to him, that he might add it to the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.
Rev. 8:4 And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel’s hand.
Rev. 8:5 And the angel took the censer; and he filled it with the fire of the altar and threw it to the earth; and there followed peals of thunder and sounds and flashes of lightning and an earthquake.

As previously discussed, the completion of six of the trumpet judgments brings us to the close of the 70th week and the end of the beast’s allotted time to reign. It is now time to COMPLETE God’s time table for judging the earth dwellers, and after announcing this to be the case at verses 11:15-18 via the seventh trumpet, once again the temple of God which is in heaven is shown to John as preparation is made “to destroy those who destroy the earth.”
Notice that John is shown “peals of thunder and sounds and flashes of lightning and an earthquake.”
This is the SIGN that great judgments are about to be poured out on the earth.


It should be obvious that chapter 12 now BACKS UP in the chronology of events, for it begins at the midpoint of the week by showing us that the dragon will persecute the woman for 1260 days. Chapter 11, however, has already extended to the end of the week.
The same can be said of chapter 13, for it also begins at the midpoint of the week by showing us the inception of the beast’s reign and that it will last for 42 months.
And, of course, we saw the same BACK UP or “parenthetical” passage at verses 11:1-13.
Chapter 14 is considerably different. It does not BACK UP to the midpoint of the week but rather BEGINS after the conversion of the 144 thousand Jewish bond-servants of God. It extends then chronologically, from that event to the battle of Armageddon as seen at verses 19-20. Accordingly it covers the period of the 6 trumpets, the end of the week, and the final wrath of God that is poured out via the seven bowls.

2. and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm:
Once again, the SIGNS of great judgment from God occur.
The chronological progression of the bowls being poured out on the earth will be shown to John beginning at chapter 15 and extending through chapter 16. Then, after some more parenthetical supplements, the battle of Armageddon will bring it all to a close as is shown to John at verses 19:11-21.

So then, after the “addenda” of chapters 12-14, chapter 15 shows us the seven angels with the seven plagues coming OUT OF THE TEMPLE. And the voice of command for them to pour out their plagues, comes OUT FROM THE TEMPLE (verse 16:1).
Chapter 11 ends with John being shown judgment coming out from the temple, and chapter 15-16 begins with John being shown the SPECIFICS of that judgment coming out from the temple.


Questions and comments are always welcome

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