PSALM 119:81-88  


PSALM 119:81-88

The letter kaph means the palm of the hand.
The same hand that puts me in the plan provides for me with everything I need to survive in a spiritually antagonistic environment.

Verse 81, The Deliverance Entry

1. My soul languishes for your deliverance:
The verb is kAlAh as a qal perfect. It means to complete, fulfill, exhaust, or use up.
The perfect tense indicates a completed idea.
ĒMy soul has expressed itself fully; has become exhausted.

It indicates total soul involvement with a crisis situation.
It is as at verse 123, ďmy eyes are used up for your deliverance.Ē

The word, deliverance is teshu`Ah.
The believer recognizes that only Godís resources can provide true peace, joy and inner stability in the antagonistic environment.

2. I wait for your word: The verb is yAchal and refers to the faith-rest attitude directed toward truth as the solution to a humanly hopeless and helpless situation.
Godís word (dabhAr) gives orientation and understanding to deal with any and every situation in life.

Verse 82, The Comfort Entry

1. my eyes fail: The verb is kAlAh again and indicates great fatigue from constant diligence in waiting and looking for Godís answers in a crisis situation.
Godís word provides His wisdom and timing to understand what is going on.

2. While I say, when will you comfort me?: This is a faith-rest prayer that depends on God for the answers needed to understand and endure the crisis.
The word, when, is mAthay, and expresses the believerís trust in divine timing for the administration of divine justice toward the persecutors.
This prayer is not DOUBT, but it is an attitude of total dependence on Godís wisdom and timing.
The COMFORT involved is not a fellowship issue, but a vindication issue as at verse 84,

ďwhen will you render justice on those who persecute me.Ē

Verse 83, The Stability Entry

1. Though I have become like wineskin in the smoke: It is blackened and shriveled, and indicates severe physical adversity.
2. I do not forget your statutes: The verb is shAkach as a qal perfect. The perfect tense speaks of past and continued mental activity that applies Godís truth (statutes Ė choq) to the soul, and results in confidence and stability in the face of persecution.

Verse 84, The Timing Entry

1. How many are the days of your servant: This expresses dependence on divine timing and humility recognition of the believerís purpose for being on earth.
2. when will you execute justice on those who persecute me:
This is the verb, `AsAh plus mishpAt  - do or express justice. It refers to applied consequences expressed by God as at Psalm 7:11-13.

Verse 85, The Persecution Entry

1. the arrogant have dug pits for me: The pits are traps to  capture and destroy.
The destruction is first through discrediting and neutralizing his spiritual impact. Then, ultimately it is to physically destroy him.
We see a similar situation at Jeremiah 18:18-23.
In fact, if there is any one person who fits the bill for the authorship of this Psalm, it is Jeremiah, but this too is speculation. It was Godís intent to keep the authorship unknown.

2. men, not in accord with your law: They operate opposite to the standards of God for human life. These are the spiritual rebels we have already seen many times in this psalm.
There character is amplified at Psalm 7:14, 10:7, Job 15:35.
ďBehold, he strives to cause trouble,
And he conceives affliction, and gives birth to deception.Ē

FACTS ABOUT The Spiritual Rebels in Psalm 119

1. v. 21a, they are under the rebuke of God.
2. v. 21b, They wander from His commandments and are under a curse.
3. v. 23, they sit and talk together against the believer.
4. v. 51, they utterly deride the believer
5. v. 53, they forsake Your law.
6. v. 61, they persecute the believer.
7. v. 69, they forge lies.
8. v. 70, their heart is spiritually blind Ė insensitive.
9. v, 78, the subvert with falsehood.
10. v, 85a, the dig pits for the believer.
11. v, 85b, their life is not in accord with Godís law.
12. v. 86, they persecute with lies.
13. v. 87, the pursue death.
14. v. 95, they lie in wait to destroy the believer.
15. v. 110, they lay snares for the believer.
16. v. 118a, God has rejected them.
17. v. 118b, they are hypocritically deceptive.
18. v. 119, God will purge the wicked from the earth.
19. v. 126, they have broken Your law.
20. v. 136, they do not keep your law.
21. v. 139, they have forgotten Godís law.
22. v. 150, they follow after wickedness.
23. v. 155a, spiritual deliverance is far from them.
24. v. 155b, they do not seek Godís statutes.
25. v. 158, they are treacherous and do not keep Godís word.
26. v. 161, the persecute unjustly.

Verse 86, The Faithfulness of God Entry

1. All your commandments (mitswAh) are faithful: íemunAh is an adjective to communicate the reliability of Godís word in the life of the believer.

2. They have persecuted me with a lie:  The verb is rAdaph. Lie is sheqer and refers to either falsehood or deception. At verse 161, it is WITHOUT CAUSE. The word there is chinnam and indicates that there is no grace understanding in their soul; no orientation to the character and plan of God.

3. help me: Again, he expresses the imperative of humility dependence on the character and plan of God for protection in the antagonistic environment of this earth.

Verse 87, The Death Entry

1. They almost destroyed me in the earth:
The verb is kAlal as a piel perfect and it means to bring to an end or physically destroy.
The term, in the earth, indicates the PHYSICAL DEATH aspect of the destruction.
2. But as for me, I did not forsake your precepts: In the midst of imminent death at the hand of the persecutors, he still maintained his focus on the value of Godís word.
The verb is `Azabh with the negative and indicates the fact that no matter what kind of pressure is faced, this believer will continue to follow the standards of Godís word in every area of his life.

Verse 88, The Physical Life Entry

  1. Revive me (keep me alive): The verb is chAyAh as a piel imperative, and is one of the examples where this verb and this stem (piel) is used to indicate the preservation of the believerís physical life in the face of violent persecution.
    The imperative is once again, the command of humility dependence on God.
  2. According to your grace provision: Again, chesed is used to indicate all the resources that God provides for the believer to function efficiently as His servant here on earth.
  3. And I shall keep the testimony of Your mouth: The verb is shAmar again, but this time, as a qal imperfect to indicate his intended future action. The believer realizes that continued service to God depends on Godís wisdom and timing for the preservation of his physical life.
    The word for testimony is `āduth again, and means the same thing as `ādAh; principles of truth which reflect the historical expressions of Godís character.
    This is not a PROMISE idea. That is, the believer is not making a promise to God, or ďmaking a dealĒ with God. He is simply stating the fact that if his physical life is preserved, he will be able to continue functioning as an efficient servant of God.



1. Verse 81, The Deliverance Entry
The believerís faith-rest attitude toward Godís truth is the solution to any humanly hopeless and helpless situation.

2. Verse 82, The Comfort Entry
The believer depends on Godís wisdom and timing for divine vindication over the persecutors.

3. Verse 83, The Stability Entry

Even in the face of extreme physical pressure, stability is based remaining focused on Godís word.

4. Verse 84, The Timing Entry
Vindication of the believerís testimony is based on the perfect timing of Godís plan.

5. Verse 85, The Persecution Entry
The spiritual rebels who persecute the believer are characterized by antagonism to Godís law.

6. Verse 86, The Faithfulness of God Entry
The believerís faith-rest attitude in the faithfulness of Godís word is the basis for trusting in Godís deliverance.

7. Verse 87, The Death Entry
Even in the face of imminent death, the faithful believer does not forsake Godís word.

8. Verse 88, The Physical Life Entry
The believer realizes that continued service to God depends on Godís wisdom and timing for the preservation of his physical life.


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