LUKE 1:41-45  


Luke 1:41-45

Verse 41

1. When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting:

A. Probably said, "chairete," rejoice.
B. Liz had a bona fide emotional response to the sight and sound of a loved one.
C. But this was enhanced by the presence of the Holy Spirit.

2. The baby leaped in her womb:

A. This is not an independent action on the part of the baby, but a physical reaction based on Liz's emotion and the filling of the Spirit.

B. This is called reflex motility in the development of a fetus. The fetus will react to the mother's emotional and physical activity.

C. At v. 44, Liz says the baby leaped in her womb "for joy" (Literally, "in joy," or "in the sphere of joy."). It refers to Liz's joy; her emotional "high," not the baby's.

3. And she was filled with the Holy Spirit:

A. This refers to the empowering ministry of the Spirit which was provided for certain believers in the Old Testament so that they could accomplish a specific task in God's plan.

See Topic: Holy Spirit: Baptism and filling

B. The empowering of the Spirit immediately communicated to Liz, Mary's status and the status of the baby in her womb.

C. Having been informed by the Spirit, Liz then responded from her soul's doctrinal content and emotional joy.

Verse 42

1. And she cried out with a loud voice: indicates a strong emotional response.

2. Blessed among women: eulogeō = to speak well of, to pronounce good concerning someone.

A. Used of God toward man: God blesses and honors with divine provision.
B. Used of man toward God: Man honors and praises God.
C. Used of man toward man: To honor, to recognize the character of someone and praise him (objective rather than emotional).

D. Here it refers to Elizabeth and future generations recognizing God's grace acceptance of Mary and giving her grace-honor. Nothing that should promote any kind of worship or even celebrity-ship.

3. And blessed is the fruit of your womb:

A. Same word used now for the Messiah Savior. Recognition of who He is and honoring Him as such.

B. This pronouncement indicates Liz's acceptance of divine design and provision in the Messiah.

4. Compare this objective expression of doctrinal thinking and emotional response with Luke 11:27-28 which shows a woman operating in subjective emotionalism with any divine viewpoint she may have in her soul, totally inoperative.

Verse 43

1. And how has it happened to me: why am I being graced out through personal involvement with you?

2. That the mother of my Lord:

A. Lord: kurios = master in the human realm, but used of God to indicate deity authority over man.

B. My Lord: indicates her personal recognition and acceptance of the nature of the baby in Mary's womb. Recognizes the sovereignty and deity that will be manifested in the incarnated Lord Jesus Christ.

C. This statement also indicates the nature of what the Holy Spirit taught to her in just a matter of seconds.

3. Should come to me:

A. This indicates that Liz feels personally honored at Mary's visit and association.

B. With a rhetorical question, Liz is stating the fact that she is personally honored.

C. At verse 44, Liz explains her soul response to this honor, as great joy.

Verse 44

1. For: gar = a word to explain the degree of her joy.

A. It points back to verses 42-43 and tells to what extent this joy and honor has affected her.

B. I was so happy when I found out about you, that my joy overflowed and caused a physical reaction from the baby.

C. The "why" of her joy is indicated in the personal expression, "my Lord."

2. behold: idou - concentrate on this, focus attention.

3. When you greeted me:

A. In v. 41, Liz was endowed with the Spirit so she could understand what was going on and express divine viewpoint for the benefit of generations to follow.

B. The Holy Spirit immediately communicated to her the status of Mary and the significance of her pregnancy.

C. And immediately upon that revelation, Liz responded with joy for Mary, for the coming of the savior and for her own association with Mary.

D. Notice: when the sound reached "my ears."

E. If it had been a "separate" emotional expression on the part of the baby, it certainly would have nothing to do with Liz's hearing.

4. The baby leaped in my womb for joy

A. The baby does not have independent emotions. This is Liz's joy.
B. The baby could not see or hear Mary. This is Liz's response.
C. The action of the baby is reflex motility based on the emotional response of Liz.

5. The purpose of the statement:

A. For behold: to explain v. 43

B. For: that is, to explain the overt expression of my honor, I was so happy when I found out about you, that my joy overflowed and caused a physical reaction in the baby.

C. She does not say why she is honored, but that her personal honor is evidenced by the degree of her joy.

D. The "why" of her honor is indicated when she says, "the mother of my Lord."

Verse 45

1. And blessed: different word this time. It is makarios, which is an adjective that means happy. It refers to the potential for Mary to have inner relaxation and contentment based on her part in God's plan.

2. Is she who believed: The verb is pisteuo, as an aorist active participle, to describe Mary's response to the angel's message.

A. It indicates Mary's faith acceptance of God's plan, which is the basis for true inner happiness.

B. This illustrates the principle of having great inner happiness from believing and applying divine viewpoint in life. Jer. 15:16; John 13:17; 15:11

3. That there would be fulfillment: that is, that God would keep His word. She has trusted divine viewpoint and divine design, and as a result, she is relaxed, contented and happy.

4. The word, believe, indicates that Mary is occupied with the character and plan of God. The evidence of her occupation with God is verbalized by Mary in verses 46-55.

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