The day of the Lord is a period of time during which several things will occur.
There is one second arrival of Jesus; one return; one coming.
That coming is a presence (parousia) in the vicinity of the earth for a period of time designated as "the day of the Lord."
It will begin with the arrival of Jesus in the clouds of the sky with power and great glory. Mat. 24:29-30
This event will begin the time period designated as "the end of the age."
See Topic:
The DOL summary

At this time, He will send forth His angels and gather HIS elect out from the earth and they will take them "unto the farthest end of heaven" (Mat. 24:31; Mark 13:27).
This will leave behind on the earth ONLY unbelievers as is seen at Mat. 24:40-42.
Afterwards, many people will believe in Christ such as the 144k Jewish bond servants of Rev. 7:1-8.

His second coming is taught by Jesus DIRECTLY in two specific sessions.
(1) The Olivet Discourse: Mat. 24:30-42 with Mat. 25 (Luke 17:34-36; Mark 13:24-27).
On April 11th or 12th.
(2) The upper room: John 14:1-3; 2 or 3 days after Olivet, on the night of the Passover
(April 14, but after 6PM it is the 15th).

And He taught about His second coming indirectly in four parables.
1. Mat. 24:43-44 (Luke 12:39-40)
2. Mat. 24:45-51 (Luke 12:42-46)
3. Mat. 25:1-13
4. Luke 12:35-38 (Mark 13:33-36)

During the same period of time that is His second coming or PRESENCE, after God's wrathful judgments are completed, all unbelievers will be removed from the earth, which will leave only believers to go alive into the earthly Davidic kingdom.
This is known specifically based on the Old Testament prophecies. It was not taught by Jesus.
There will be the removal of unbelieving Jews from the believers so that only believers will remain. Ezek. 20:33-38; 34:17-23
And there will be the removal of unbelieving Gentiles from the believers so that only believers will go alive into the earthly Davidic kingdom.  Zech. 14:16; Isaiah 2:2-4; 11:10; 60:14

The parabolic teaching at Mat. 25:31-46 does not teach this directly.
It views the removal of unbelievers out from believers PRIOR to the earthly Davidic kingdom.
But it views their respective destinies as ETERNAL and does not see the believers going into an earthly kingdom.
The "kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world" is the eternal kingdom.
However, the believers in view do in fact go into the earthly kingdom first. This simply is not the destiny that Jesus is talking about.
Also, the destiny of the unbeliever is eternal in focus and not the temporary place of judgment in Hades.
See commentary: Mat. 25:31-46

After the battle of Armageddon, before the start of the 1000-year earthly Davidic kingdom, Satan will be bound and not have any contact with or influence on the people. Rev. 20:2-3.
During that earthly kingdom, people will be born to the believing population. As these new members of the earthly kingdom are born and grow up, many will not trust in Jesus as the Savior through the influence from their self-centered sin nature. These will become spiritual and moral rebels against God. Thus, at the end of the 1000 years, there will be a vast majority of the people who will be easily swayed by Satan when he is released from his prison and tries one last time to defeat the plan of God.
When "the 1000 years are completed," Satan will attack the throne of God in Jerusalem. He and all the rebellious nations that follow him will be destroyed in one swell swoop by fire coming down from the sky. Rev 20:7-9.
This end of the millennial kingdom is also the end of mortal humanity's existence in the universe.
At this time any surviving unbelievers will be removed from the earth and ALL unbelievers from all of history will appear before the great white throne to establish their eternal destiny of separation from God in the lake of fire. Rev. 20:11-15.

Jesus viewed this final separation of unbelievers from believers as an event that basically covers all of human history, and will occur DURING the period of time designated as "the end of the age," and specifically right after the earthly kingdom comes to an end.
Throughout all of history believers and unbelievers have lived side by side, intermingling within the various nations and societies. This will also be the condition during the earthly kingdom after it exists for many years. Evil has been progressing and God's plan has been progressing according to His perfect wisdom and timing, so that ultimately all evil will be exposed and judged (Psalm 92:5-9); and the righteous standards of God will dominate the universe. Jesus illustrated this with the parables of the leaven and the mustard seed. Mat. 13:31-33.

Jesus used two parables to teach that ultimately all unbelievers will be removed from the midst of living believers, and be assigned to the furnace (lake) of fire.
(1) the parable of the wheat and tares.
(2) the parable of the dragnet.

Mat. 13:24-30, 36-43
"The kingdom of the heavens is compared to (like)."
The Greek is homoioō as an aorist passive indicative.
The meaning is that the kingdom of heaven can be understood by comparing it with this illustration (parable).

The terms kingdom of heaven (of the heavens) and of God are interchangeable and refer to the same thing.
Mat. 19:23-24; Mat. 3:2; 4:17; Mark 1:15.

The integral (intrinsic and fundamental) kingdom of God has existed from eternity past as God's absolute authority, power and viewpoint.
Psalm 145:13 declares this absolutely. Although the term "kingdom of God" does not occur here or anywhere in the OT, it is certainly referring to God's kingdom. Psalm 10:16; 29:10; Dan. 4:3.
The kingdom of God in the Gospels refers to God's authority, power and viewpoint as evidenced in the person of Christ and His teachings, and as the sphere of existence that one becomes a part of through faith in Christ.
It does not refer to the earthly kingdom promised to the nation of Israel.
Jesus did not offer the earthly kingdom to Israel, nor did He teach about the earthly kingdom.
He always had in mind the integral or spiritual kingdom of God.
"Unless one is born again, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God."
See topic: kingdom of God

Although we know that there will be such a removal of the unbelievers from the believers just before the earthly Davidic kingdom is established, the parable of the wheat and tares does not have that time period in view.

This is NOT a second coming parable. It has NOTHING to do with the second coming.
There is no mention of the second coming in the parable.
There is no mention of the 1000 year earthly kingdom in the parable.
It is an "end of the age" parable.
This parable looks at human history IN GENERAL.
It has no reference to any dispensation or race.
IN GENERAL humanity exists on the earth in the realm of God's authority - the kingdom of God.
Psalm 145:13, "Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,
And Your dominion endures throughout all generations."

Daniel 4:34-35, "For His dominion is an everlasting dominion,
And His kingdom endures from generation to generation.
35 All the inhabitants of the earth are of no account,
But He does according to His will among the army of heaven
And among the inhabitants of earth;
And no one can fend off His hand
Or say to Him, ‘What have You done?’

1Chron. 29:11-12, Yours, Lord, is the greatness, the power, the glory, the victory, and the majesty,
indeed everything that is in the heavens and on the earth; Yours is the dominion, Lord,
and You exalt Yourself as head over all. Both riches and honor come from You, and You rule over all,
and in Your hand is power and might; and it lies in Your hand to make great and to strengthen everyone.

This parable sees the end of human history as "the end of the age."
Jesus often referred to "this age," "THE age," "the age to come," and "the end of the age."
In the context of His teachings, the term "end of the age," refers to the TRANSITIONAL PERIOD of time between this "earthly" age and the "eternal" age to come.

The PERIOD of time that is "the end of the age" is the SAME period of time as THE DAY OF THE LORD.
It BEGINS at the second coming of Jesus, when He arrives in the clouds of the sky with power and great glory (Mat. 24:30), and it will END with the creation of the new heavens and earth after the conclusion of the 1000 year earthly kingdom (2Peter 3:10-13) and after the last judgment (Rev. 21:1).
See Topic: The day of the Lord

DURING the time period of "the end of the age" and "the day of the Lord" there will be several phases.
(1) The arrival of the end of the age when Jesus will return.
(2) The first phase of God's resurrection program through the rapture.
(3) The re-institution of the stewardship of national Israel - the national priesthood administered by the 144k Jewish bond servants.
(4) The day of the Lord judgments.
(5) The establishment of the earthly Davidic kingdom - the kingdom priesthood.
(6) The last judgment.
(7) The creation of the new heavens and earth.
See Topic: AGES

All throughout human history believers and unbelievers have lived together on the earth.
As seen above, Jesus used the term, "this age" to refer to the whole of human history.
IN GENERAL human history began with believers only (Adam and Ishah).
This is the good seed in the parable.

The Sower is the Son of Man who is the "Savior of the world." He is the Messiah, Who from the beginning through the Messianic promise that was first stated at Gen. 3:15, saves those who believe.
IN GENERAL as people were born and grew up, some became believers and some did not.

The evil one is the devil who is the primary adversary of God. All throughout history it is primarily his influence that "has blinded the minds of the unbelieving," even before the arrival of Christ at His first advent. 2Cor. 4:4.

Those who did not trust in the Messianic promise are the bad seed that lived and thrived among the believers
throughout human history. 1John 3:10; John 8:44

As shown above, the end of the age is a PERIOD of time that begins with the second coming of Jesus and will end after the last judgment and the creation of a new heavens and earth.
But in this parable, it refers to an event that immediately follows the end of the 1000 year earthly Davidic kingdom.

Verse 41
They will gather out of His kingdom.
This does not refer to the earthly kingdom. Jesus never mentioned the earthly Davidic kingdom. He never taught anything about it. The context indicates that this is a separation that results in FINAL destinies for both the believer and the unbeliever. It refers to the whole world as that which is part of God's whole realm of authority. "The earth is the Lord's and all it contains; the world and those who dwell in it." Psalm 24:1
Two categories of sinfulness are mentioned.
(1) stumbling blocks: This is from the word, skandalon. It refers to something that takes offense over something or stumbles over something. The primary use of this word group in the NT, refers to those who are offended by anything associated with Jesus and thus it refers to spiritual rejection of his promise of salvation. Thus, spiritual rebels.
Skandalon:  Rom. 9:33; 1Cor. 1:23; Gal. 5:11; 1Peter 2:8.
Skandalidzō: Mat. 11:6; 13:57; 15:12; 24:10; 26:31, 33; Mark 14:27, 29; Luke 7:23; John 6:61.

(2) those who commit the lawlessness: THE onomia refers to rejection of all the moral and spiritual laws designed by God for the orderly function of the human race. Thus, moral rebels.

Verse 42
At the end of the age, the angels will FIRST remove all the unbelievers out from the world and they will be thrown into the furnace of fire. Since this is a parable, it only gives a summary of the events involved.

The furnace of fire corresponds with the lake of fire at Rev. 20:14-15 and "the everlasting fire" at Mat. 25:41.
Just before they are cast into the furnace, the souls of all unbelievers will be resurrected in a new physical body. (Dan. 12:2; John 5:28-29; Acts 24:15).
All these unbelievers will then appear before the great white throne of Rev. 20:11-15 where it will be shown that
(1) their works are inadequate to commend them to God, and
(2) their name is not in the book of life.
After their guilt has been established, they will all be cast into the lake of fire to experience the pain of separation from God in their resurrected physical bodies for all eternity. Rev. 14:10-11.

"In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
The expression "gnashing of teeth" only occurs 7 times in the Bible and always in connection with the final disposition of the wicked ones when they will be cast into the gehenna of fire (Matthew 8:12; 13:42; 13:50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30; Luke 13:28). Since this action is a "physical" expression, it seems to indicate a connection between the soul and the body as the unbeliever experiences the "physical" torment that is described at Rev. 14:10-11.

See topic: lake of fire

Only believers will be left and they will shine forth in the kingdom of God throughout eternity.
At this parabolic point at the end of the age, all believers, who had not as yet received a resurrection body, will receive one and then ALL believers will begin life in the eternal kingdom of God, residing in the New Jerusalem. Rev. 21:1-7.
Verse 43, "then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father."
This refers to the STATUS of the resurrected believers in the eternal kingdom of God.

It has been suggested that this phrase is a reference to Daniel 12:3.
"And those who have insight will shine brightly like the brightness of the expanse of heaven,
and those who lead the many to righteousness like the stars forever and ever."

This seems to refer to two aspects of glory for those who have wisdom.
(1) the wise ones will shine brightly as they proclaim truth during the "time of distress" of verse 1.
Indeed, the functional Christians are called "the light of the world." Prov. 4:18; Mat. 5:14; Phil. 2:15-16
(2) those who lead to righteousness (will shine brightly) forever and ever. This then refers to their
glorified status in the resurrection.

It is possible that "forever and ever" applies to both groups.
However, it seems intentional to refer to "the wise ones" that were mentioned at Dan. 11:35 as the ones who teach truth to the Jews during the time of distress.
But at the least, the second group is seen in a resurrection context and that could be what Jesus referred to at Mat. 13:43.

Mat. 13:47-50. This parable teaches the very same thing and is clear in the translation.
"Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet that was cast into the sea and gathered fish of every kind; and when it was filled, they pulled it up on the beach; and they sat down and gathered the good fish into containers, but the bad they threw away. So it will be at the end of the age: the angels will come forth and remove the wicked from among the righteous, and they will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."

These two parables look at all of human history IN GENERAL without focusing on any particular age or dispensation, but instead, look at the FINAL disposition of people, which will occur after the mil kingdom as come to an end, but without having the mil kingdom in view.
A. There is no COMING or RETURN mentioned.
B. The field/sea is the world of humanity in general and its final condition at the end of the earthly kingdom.
C. The sons of the kingdom/good fish are those who have trusted in the Messianic promise through faith in Jesus Christ.
D. The evil one is the devil who is the primary adversary of God, and is the sower of the bad seed.
E. The sons of the evil one/bad fish are those who do not put faith in the Messianic promise, which is fulfilled in the person and work of Jesus Christ. 1John 3:10; John 8:44
F. The reapers/gatherers are angels who will remove the unbelievers out from the believers so that only believers remain.
G. The unbelievers will appear at the great white throne judgment and then go into the lake of fire. Rev. 20:11-15; 21:8.
H. The believers will go into the everlasting kingdom. Rev. 21:1-7

The parables teach a summary of what will happen to the wicked of the earth.
It is not the intent to see the FORMAL "great white throne" judgment.
The focus is on the two "eternal" destinies. That is, the eternal judgment of the unbelievers and the eternal blessing of the believers.
The focus is also on "this age" in contrast with "the age to come."
That is, the end of this TEMPORAL earthly sphere of existence in contrast to the ETERNAL sphere of existence that will come after.
This is what will occur at the last judgment of Rev. 20:11-15.

And at this time, "then comes the end when He delivers up the kingdom (the kingdom of God) to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power." 1Cor. 15:24.
Some think that this refers to the earthly kingdom that Christ will rule over for 1000 years. But there is nothing that requires this to be a reference to the earthly kingdom, especially since it is not mentioned anywhere else in Paul's writings.
Christ is the fulfillment of the seed promise who will restore the integral kingdom of God to its complete authority and viewpoint. He accomplishes this after the last judgment, and the "kingdom" that He hands "back" to the Father is not an earthly kingdom but a universal and PURIFIED one.

This simply means that the "rift" in God's kingdom has now been resolved as per God's plan from the very beginning as per Psalm 92:11. "when the wicked sprouted up like grass, and all who did iniquity flourished, it was so that they might be destroyed forevermore."
It fulfills the desire and prayer of believers who understand the plan of God. Mat. 6:10. "May Your kingdom come, may Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven." This will happen completely, only after the last judgment of Rev. 20:11-15. But it is to be the desire of all believers that the viewpoint (standards and policy) of God's kingdom be progressively spread and promoted through the earth. This is as per the focus encouraged by Jesus at Mat. 6:33.
"But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness."

It is then, after Jesus presents the kingdom to the Father, that the result will be, "God will be all things in all in all things." 1Cor. 15:28.

Some suggest that these parables; this separation/removal of the unbeliever out from the world/kingdom, refers to preparation before the establishment of the Davidic earthly kingdom.
In that case, the removal of the unbelievers from the earth, and their placement in the furnace of fire, would correspond with their placement in torments in Hades, which happens to every unbeliever at the point of death (Luke 16:22-24).

However, it is the FINAL destiny that is in view. "Cast into the furnace of fire," seems to occur immediately upon their removal (which would include appearance before the great white throne). In that case, it would have in view the FINAL lake of fire, which will be their inheritance after the millennial kingdom ends (Rev. 20:11-15; 21:8).
It is not torments in Hades, but it is the "eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels." Mat. 25:41.

Likewise, it is the ETERNAL destiny of the believer that is in view and not life in an earthly kingdom.
The two parables view all of human history as a single unit, and time when this will be fulfilled is at the end of the 1000-year earthly kingdom. Jesus consistently looked BEYOND the earthly Davidic kingdom and taught only concerning THIS AGE and THE AGE TO COME.
The focus in these two parables is on this earthly life contrasted with the eternal age.

The focus in these "end of the age" parables is the removal of all unbelievers from the earth and their transfer to the furnace of fire (lake of fire). There will then remain in the kingdom of God, ONLY the righteous; those who have trusted in Christ as the Messiah.
The kingdom of God is not the earthly Davidic kingdom. It is the eternal kingdom of 1Cor. 15:24-28.
The parables will be fulfilled AFTER the earthly kingdom and the last judgment.
From the time of "this age" UNTIL "the age to come" (the eternal age), unbelievers will exist along side of believers.
It is AFTER the time PERIOD known as "the end of the age," that all unbelievers will be removed from God's presence so that only believers will remain to exist in the new heavens and earth. This is the eternal phase of God's kingdom.



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