PSALM 119:121-128  


 

(See:  pronunciation guide for the Hebrew vowels)

PSALM 119:121-128
THE DISCERNMENT FILE

Each verse begins with the letter, Ayin. The word means EYE and represents discernment; Spiritual sight which gives perspective and orientation to everything that happens in life Ė from the viewpoint of the character and plan of God.

The believer who is functional in the angelic conflict as a servant of God must always SEE every aspect of life from the humility perspective of dependence on the character and plan of God.

Verse 121, The Deliverance Entry

1. I have done justice and righteousness: The verb is `AsAh as a qal perfect to express the past and present action that characterizes the life of this believer.
Justice (mispAt) focuses on moral consistency as in application to others.
Righteousness (tsedeq) focuses on character consistency Ė inward integrity.
Because of his sinless consistency, the believer expresses humility dependence on God for deliverance from the violent persecutors.

2. Do not leave me to my oppressors:  the verb is nuach as a hiphil imperfect + negative that functions as an imperative. The qal stem means TO REST, but the hiphil means to CAUSE to rest, or REMAIN. Thus the idea of LEAVE. As usual, the imperative is a humility/command of dependence on God.
The ďones who oppressĒ is a qal active participle of `Ashaq, which amplifies the nature of persecution to be oppression.

Verse 122, The Benefit Entry
1. Be surety: The verb is `Arabh as a qal imperative. It means to give oneself as collateral; to make a pledge. Make a pledge on behalf of your servant. Again, this is the command of humility dependence on God. This is not DOUBT or uncertainty but recognition of Godís character.
2. for good: The preposition, le, and tobh. It refers to benefit. In this case it is the promised benefit of God toward the trusting believer such as at Psalm 84:11 and Romans 8:28.
This is one of the VALUE FACTORS that motivates the believer to trust God.

3. Do not let the arrogant oppress me: Repetition for emphasis as is characteristic of the entire psalm. The verb is `Ashaq again, but this time as a qal imperfect plus the negative, which is used as an imperative; the command of humility dependence on God.
Arrogant is zādh as seen before for the spiritual rebels of verse 21.

True spiritual discernment recognizes the VALUE FACTOR of BENEFIT for protection from the spiritual rebels.

Verse 123, The Faith-Rest Entry

1. My eyes fail: The verb is kAlAh as a qal perfect. It means to be complete, finished or used up or exhausted. The past tense indicates, ďmy eyes have become exhausted.Ē This is the same concept as we saw at verse 81, ďmy soul has expressed itself fully.Ē

This does not mean that the believer IS WORN OUT or that he is spiritually drained.

It means that the physical pressure is so great that he has learned long ago that there is no recourse to human solutions for deliverance from the oppressors.

2. for your deliverance: divine protection in a crisis situation, and in context, in a persecution crisis. He can find no solution through human resources. He CANNOT SEE through physical perceptions that there is any help. The help comes ONLY in the sphere of the spiritual; knowledge and orientation to Godís character and plan. This is the ultimate in the expression of FAITH-REST.

Faith-rest is to totally let go of any recourse to human viewpoint and to totally trust in Godís plan for deliverance and for further teaching from God.

3. and for your righteous word: the word (íimrAh) of your righteousness (tsedeq).
This refers to two ideas.
(1) the FULFILLMENT of Godís word which is His promise of deliverance. In this case, the line would have a synonymous function to amplify the word DELIVERANCE.
The believer HAS been waiting and continues to wait for Godís perfect wisdom and timing that keeps this believer alive and functional as an efficient servant of God.

Verse 43, ďI have waited for your ordinances.Ē
Verse 74, ďI have waited for your word.Ē
Verse 81, ďI have waited for your word.Ē
Verse 114, ďI have waited for your word.Ē
Verse 147, ďI have waited for your words.Ē

(2) the continued provision of LEARING Godís word, which is mentioned in the very next verse, ďteach me your statutes.Ē  We have already seen that this believer has been receiving divine revelation to enhance what he has previously learned.
Verse 102, ďfor you yourself have taught me.Ē

Faith-rest for additional learning: ďteach me,Ē Verse 12, 26, 33, 64, 66, 68, 108, 124, 135, 171

Verse 124, The Provision Entry

1. deal with your servant according to your grace provision: The verb is a qal imperative of `AsAh which continues the attitude of humility dependence on God. The word chesed refers to the grace provision from God that comes to the believer based on his knowledge and application of Godís word. It is not really a ďworksĒ based system, but it is just that the provision can only be experienced by a soul that is in fellowship with God and USING Godís word. It is not a MERIT issue, it is simply a CAPACITY issue.
The provision in view is the provision of Godís word made available to this believer based on his continued devotion to God. The next phrase explains the nature of the provision (chesed) in view; it is the continued revelation of Godís word to this believer.
Servant, repeats the service devotion of this believer and his continued hunger to learn more and more of Godís word.

2. and teach me your statutes: The verb is lAmadh as a piel imperative to express growth humility. Statutes (chuqqAh) refers the details for glorifying God.
The WE (and) indicates an amplification of what the believer is looking for from God; an amplification of chesed. In other words, ďgive me your grace provision AND continue to teach me your word.Ē
The continued provision of Godís word is part of Godís grace resources for the faithful believer.

Verse 125, the Growth Entry

1. I am your servant: the noun is `ebhed and repeats the believers understanding of his ambassadorship responsibility here on earth. SERVICE HUMILITY

2. Give me understanding: The verb is biyn as a hiphil imperative that expresses PREPARATION HUMILITY; the attitude that recognizes his dependence on God for being equipped with Godís standards and resources through the growth process, in order to succeed as a servant.

3. that I may know your testimonies: the verb is yAd`a as a qal imperfect, with WE (result; purpose) to indicate the result and purpose of the growth process.
True humility recognizes the need for proper knowledge preparation in order to serve efficiently as a servant of God.

Verse 126, The Timing Entry

1. It is time (th) for Yahweh to Act (le + Yahweh + `AsAh Ė to do): The ORIENTED believer recognizes that divine timing determines the time for judging the wicked as at verse 119; the past and present activity of God. This statement does not mean that God has not been judging, but that He has been delaying in this particular instance for this believer. He is not disputing the timing of God, but through humility is affirming the BASIS for Godís judgment; i.e. the breaking of Godís law by the wicked.

2. They have broken your law: the verb is pArar as a hiphil perfect to indicate the past and present activity of the spiritual rebels. Law is torAh in the singular to refer to the GENERAL revelation of God to humanity. The specifics need not be stated; they reject and violate the instruction from God. It is for this reason that divine justice will be administrating in Godís perfect wisdom and timing.

Verse 127, The Value Entry

1. Therefore: al + kān indicates the attitude that results from understanding the timing issues of Godís plan.
2. I love your commandments: The verb is
íAhabh as a qal imperfect to focus on the PRESENT attitude of placing value and affection on Godís word.
3. Above gold: the comparison with material value shows that this believer understands the true issues in life concerning what is most important.
Psalm 119:72; 19:7; Proverbs 3:13-15
VALUE FACTOR: Godís wisdom and timing will judge the wicked at the proper time.
Understanding divine timing for Godís judgment elicits greater love for Godís word.

Verse 128, The Attitude Entry

1. Therefore (al + kān) I have esteemed as right: the verb is yAshar as a piel perfect to indicate both past and present evaluation and conclusion concerning TIMING issues within Godís plan. It means to evaluate and accept something as RIGHT and PROPER Ė usually from a moral perspective. This is the SECOND conclusion reached based on understanding the wisdom and timing of Godís perfect plan for administrating His justice.

2. All (your) precepts concerning everything: the personal pronoun is not present, thus, literally, ďall precepts.Ē
The word is piqqudh plus the adjective, al, which is ALL, to refer to ALL that is appointed by God as the standards for human living. ďEverythingĒ is the repeat of al to indicate not only that the believer ACCEPTS Godís word for every situation in life, but that indeed, Godís word is most certainly APPLICABLE to EVERY situation in life.
At Romans 12:2, Paul used three words to describe this omni-applicability.
The will of God is ďintrinsically good, pleasingly good, and sufficiently complete.Ē
At 2Peter 1:3, Peter describes it as ďall things concerning life (moral living) and godliness (worship activity or spiritual living).Ē

3. I hate every false way (every way of falsehood, as at verse 104): the verb is saníā, which indicates the attitude based on recognition and acceptance of the VALUE of Godís viewpoint and standards, which this believer has learned (verse 104).

Understanding of the wisdom and timing of Godís plan helps the believer orient to the omni-applicability of Godís moral law and elicits the proper attitude of hatred for false doctrine.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCERNMENT FILE

Verse 121, The Deliverance Entry
Because of his sinless consistency, the believer expresses humility dependence on God for deliverance from the violent persecutors.

Verse 122, The Benefit Entry
True spiritual discernment recognizes the VALUE FACTOR of BENEFIT for protection from the spiritual rebels.

Verse 123, The Faith-rest Entry
Faith-rest is to totally let go of any recourse to human viewpoint and to totally trust in Godís plan for deliverance and for further teaching from God.

Verse 124, The Provision Entry
The continued provision of Godís word is part of Godís grace resources for the faithful believer.

Verse 125, The Growth Entry
True humility recognizes the need for proper knowledge preparation in order to serve efficiently as a servant of God.

Verse 126, The Timing Entry
The ORIENTED believer recognizes that violation of Godís law is the basis for divine judgment according to the perfect timing of Godís plan.

Verse 127, The Value Entry
Understanding divine timing for Godís judgment elicits greater love for Godís word.

Verse 128, The Attitude Entry
Understanding of the wisdom and timing of Godís plan helps the believer orient to the omni-applicability of Godís moral law and elicits the proper attitude of hatred for false doctrine.

 
 

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