THE PAROUSIA - The 2nd coming of Jesus  



At Matthew 24:3, the disciples ask the question, "what will be the sign of your coming.
The Greek word for coming is parousia. It means arrival and subsequent PRESENCE.
Obviously, Jesus had previously taught the disciples about His parousia.
All previous references to His "coming" use the word, erchomai (Mat. 10:23; 16:27-28; Mark 8:38).
Later He used this verb at John 14:3 and 21:22.

But the disciples understand all these previous teachings about His coming as being about His parousia.
And in the mind of the disciples, there is only ONE parousia, which they designate as YOUR parousia.

When Jesus answers their question, He in fact calls it THE parousia of the Son of Man (Mat. 24:27, 37, 39). And at Matthew 24:30 with vs. 27, 37, 39, He EQUATES erchomai and parousia.

Peter EQUATES the "coming" (erchomai) of the Lord at Mat. 16:27-28 (17:1-8) with the word parousia.

Mat. 16:27-28
"For the Son of Man is going to come (erchomai) in the glory of His Father with His angels, and will then repay every person according to his deeds.
“Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming (erchomai) in His kingdom.”

2 Peter 1:16-18
For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming (parousia) of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty. For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such a declaration as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory: “This is My beloved Son with whom I am well pleased”— and we ourselves heard this declaration made from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain.

When Paul writes about this coming of Jesus, he uses the word, erchomai four times (1Cor. 4:5; 11:26; 1Thes. 5:2; 2Thes. 1:10), BUT he uses parousia (7 times). He calls it THE parousia (1 Thes. 4:15; 3:13; 5:23) and HIS parousia (1 Thes. 2:19).
At 1 Cor. 15:23, Paul calls it HIS parousia.
At 2 Thes. 2:1, Paul calls it THE parousia of our Lord Jesus Christ.
And at 2 Thes. 2:8, "the brightness of HIS parousia.
James calls it THE parousia of the Lord at James 5:7-8.
Peter references the time when Jesus showed them His glory and the FACT of a future "power and parousia of our Lord Jesus Christ." 2 Peter 1:16.
John at 1 John 2:28 calls it HIS parousia.

All these describe the one and the same and ONLY second coming of Jesus, at which time He will rapture all the elect.



Questions and comments are always welcome

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