1. The millennium is the personal reign of Yahweh the Messiah over the physical earth for 1000 years.
   A. For 1000 years: Rev. 20:4-6
   B. Personal presence of Jehovah reigning in the person of Jesus the Messiah.

      1. Spiritual reign: Ezek. 37:27-28; Zech. 2:10-11; Rev. 21:3
      2. Political reign of Messiah: Is. 9:6-7; 24:23; Jer. 23:5; Zech. 14:9
         a. World-wide: Dan. 7.13-14;
         b. Jerusalem's status: Is. 2:2; Micah 4:1

    C. The millennial reign of the Messiah is an extension of His first advent victory
        over sin and Satan. This is understood through a detailed study of Isaiah 65-66.
        ISAIAH 65
        ISAIAH 66

II. The millennial reign of the Messiah provides a total fulfillment of the unconditional Covenants to the physical nation of Israel as first promised to Abraham at Genesis12:1-3.

    A. The land promise: Gen. 15:18; 17:8
        1. Fulfills the Palestinian covenant of Deut. 30:1-10
Israel re-gathered: Is. 43:5-6; 49:8-13; Jer. 16:14-15;
           Ezek. 11:17; 20:39-44; 37:21-22
        3. Land restored: 19:61.4; Jer. 31:38-40 Ez. 36:33-35
        4. economic prosperity: Isaiah 65:21-23; 60:16-17a; Ezk. 34:26-21; 36:29-30;
2:21-26; 3:18; Micah 4.4
        5. Only believers alive at the end of the tribulation will go into the kingdom in natural
            bodies, including all Gentile believers.
            Zech. 14:16; Mat. 25:31-34; Ezek. 34:17-22.
        6. The believers who are killed by the beast after the rapture will be resurrected
            and reign with Christ. Rev. 20:4.
        7. So there will be rulers in natural bodies as in Jerusalem. Ezek. 44:3; 45:7; 46:1-18

    B. The seed promise: Messiah's reign as covered under point I, fulfills the Davidic
        covenant. Ps. 89:1-4, 33-31; 2 Sam. 7:4-17

    C. The blessing promise: National forgiveness and salvation, and the extension of
        salvation to all peoples.
        1. Fulfills the New covenant of Jer. 31:31-34; 33:6-9 Micah 7:18-20; Isaiah 59:21
        2. Holy Spirit poured out on Israel: Ez. 39:29; Joel 2:28; Is. 32:I5a; 44:3b; 59:21
        3. Extension of spiritual blessing to all peoples. Covered under point III.

III. Israel will be the center of truth for the whole world.

    A. Israel will be saturated with God's knowledge and truth.
        1. Jerusalem: Zech. 8:3; Is. 2:3; 60:14
        2. The land: Isaiah 11:9
        3. Many shepherds teaching truth: Jeremiah 3:15-16
           (But no ark, because Christ will be present.)
        4. Levitical priesthood will be functional. Jer. 33:18-22; Ezek. 44:15-31
        5. False prophets will be punished. Zech. 13:3-6
        6. The people will enjoy maximum spiritual blessing. Jer. 31:14; 33:6;
            Ezek. 36:27;
11:19-20; Joel 2:28; Zech. 10:12
        7. A new temple will be functional. Ezek. 40-48. But the animal sacrifices will be
           conducted as a memorial and not as a covering for sin.

    B. Israel will be responsible for teaching others.
        1. The commission and testimony: Isaiah 12:1-6
        2. Isaiah 61:6-11
        3. Jeremiah 33:9

    C. Satanic influence will be absent since Satan and demons will be bound for
       the 1000 year period.
        1. Satan is bound: Rev. 20:1-3; Isaiah 27:1
        2. Demons and idols removed: Ezek. 11:18; 37:23; Hos. 2:17; Zech. 13:2

    D. However, everyone except the resurrected people will still have a sin nature
        and be vulnerable to the spiritual warfare of the flesh against the soul. 1Peter 2:11.
        They will need to learn and apply God's truth for victory over the sin nature.

    E. The spiritual issue will be to demonstrate to the human race that man is sinful
        and need of the savior and Satan cannot be blamed for it.

    F. Thus, all the nations will resort to Israel for spiritual truth and guidance.
        1. Isaiah 11:10; 56:6-8; 60:3; Micah 4:1-2; Zech. 2:11; 8:20-23; 14:16-19
        2. In association with this worship, the nations will bring material possessions into
as recognition of the spiritual value that is there. Isaiah 60:4-14

IV. Maximum joy and peace throughout the land.

    A. Peace
        1. National: Isaiah 2:4; 60:18; Ezek. 28:26; 34:28-29; Hosea 2:18; Micah 4:3;
           Zech. 9:10 (disarmament)
        2. Personal: Isaiah 32:17; 55:12
Israel at rest: Isaiah 32:18; 33:20
        4. International: Isaiah 14:7

    B. Happiness:
        1. National Israel: Isaiah 9:3; 65:18-19; Zech. 8:19
        2. World: Isaiah 14:7
        3. Personal: Isaiah 61:7

V. The kingdom is characterized by righteousness and justice.

    A. Isaiah 9:7; 16:5; 33:5; 32:16-17
    B. Jer. 33:15- The Righteous Branch, ie, Messiah
        1. Jer. 23:5-6
        2. Isaiah 4:2; 11:1
        3. Zech. 3:8; 6:12-13
        4. Ezek. 17:22-24

    C. Jerusalem's new name is Yahweh our righteousness. Jer. 33:16

VI. Physical characteristics:

    A. The curse on the earth is removed: Rev. 22:3
        1. Nature tamed: Is. 11:6-8; 65:25; Ezek. 34:25; Hos. 2:18
        2. Health and longevity: Is. 33:24a; 35:5-6a; 65:20-24
        3. There will be normal life routine with marriage and childbearing.
            Isaiah 65:23

    B. Perfect weather conditions: Is. 4:4-6; 35:1-7; Ezek. 36:34-35
       But if any nation refuses to send delegates to
Jerusalem to worship,
       they will be disciplined with adverse weather conditions. Zechariah 14:16-19.

VII. The living waters from the temple in Jerusalem. Zech. 14:8

    A. Joel 3:18
    B. Ezek.47:1-12
    C. Rev. 22:1-2
    D. Is. 33:21; 35:6b-7; 43:19-21; land renovated - Is. 51:3; Zech. 14:10
    E. The new trees: Ez. 47;12; Rev. 22:2

VIII. Prosperity of specific nations mentioned.

    A. Egypt and Assyria: Isaiah 19:23-25
    B. Moab: Jer. 48.47
    C. Ammon: Isaiah 49:6
Elam - Isaiah 49:39

IX. The ministry of resurrected believers during the kingdom.

    A. The Bride of Christ will be serving beside Christ from the New Jerusalem elevated
        above the earth. Rev. 19:6-10; 21:9-27; 22:1-5

    B. The bride is comprised of all believers from both the Old Testament period
        as well as the church age (See Article: The Saints in Heaven).
        They all receive resurrection body at the Day of the Lord return of Jesus when
        the rapture takes place.

    C. Day of the Lord martyrs (Those who are killed by the beast) are raised after
       Armageddon and are given rulership function in the kingdom. Rev. 20:4-6

    D. David will be given special administration duties in Jerusalem.
        Jer. 30:9; Ez. 37:24; 34:23-24

X. The Duration of the Kingdom:

    A. Initially, 1000 years: This is for the specific earthly reign of Christ. Rev. 20:4, 6
    B. But ultimately, everlasting in the new heavens and earth.
       1. Dan. 2:44; 7:14
       2. Rev. 22:5
       3. Isaiah 9:7
       4. See Topic: Renovation of the universe


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