ISAIAH 26:11--27:6  


 

Isaiah 26:11 - 27:6
THE PROMISE OF PHYSICAL DELIVERANCE
This is written in the context of deliverance from Assyria in 711 BCE.
But as the message continues, the prophet makes application to a distant future deliverance at the day of the Lord.
Vs. 11-14
V. 11, judgment on the enemies of Israel. "fire will devour Your enemies."
V. 12-13, the promise of deliverance for the nation. "You will establish peace for us."
This promise is for deliverance from the Assyrian invasion in 711 BCE, but Isaiah will make application to judgment and deliverance in a day of the Lord context.

V. 14, the physical judgment upon the enemies of Israel.
THEY will be destroyed. The (their) dead will not rise, the departed spirits will not rise.
They will be destroyed and NOT come back to life AT THAT TIME, for "the angel of Yahweh went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians, and when they arose early in the morning, behold all of these were dead bodies." Is. 36:36.
So will the enemies of Jesus be thus scattered on the battlefield as the DOL judgments conclude.
Rev. 19:21, "and the rest were killed with the sword with the sword of Him who sat upon the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh." Ezek. 39:17-20.
(Of course, there will be a resurrection of the unrighteous at the great white throne judgment, at which time they will all be cast into the lake of fire. Rev. 20:11-15).

HISTORY OF THE NATION THAT PROGRESSES TO DELIVERANCE AT THE DAY OF THE LORD.
V. 15, "You have increased the nation O Yahweh."
The general history of the nation since its inception has produced great progress and growth.
The nation of Israel has been increased - built up. National progress throughout history up until the Messiah generation.

V. 16, Isaiah describes a time of distress - of national discipline. "Your chastening was upon them."
Again, the context is the Assyrian invasion in the time frame of 736 to 711 BCE, but we need to see the wider context of the DOL arrival of Jesus at His second coming - during a time of national discipline.
THE PRESENT TIME OF DISCIPLINE
The Assyrian invasion came for two reasons.
1. The nation was under discipline as is described by Hezekiah at
2 Chron. 29:6-9.
"For our fathers have been unfaithful and have done evil in the sight of Yahweh our God, and they have abandoned Him and turned their faces away from the dwelling place of Yahweh , and have turned their backs. 7 They have also shut the doors of the porch and extinguished the lamps, and have not burned incense nor offered burnt offerings in the holy place to the God of Israel. 8 Therefore the wrath of Yahweh was against Judah and Jerusalem, and He has made them an object of terror, of horror, and of hissing, as you see with your own eyes. 9 For behold, our fathers have fallen by the sword, and our sons, our daughters, and our wives are in captivity because of this."
2. When Hezekiah took the throne in 724 BCE, "he rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him." 2 Kings 18:7.
3. Through the Hezekiah revival, the nation "sought You in distress" and God delivered them through the destruction of the Assyrian army.

THE FUTURE TIME OF DISCIPLINE
A yet more intense time of discipline will come upon Israel because of the rejection of the Messiah.
A period of time that extends FROM AD 70 until the end of the tribulation.
And, just as during the Assyrian crisis, during this future time of distress and national discipline, they sought (will seek) the Lord.
This (sought) is a past tense of prophetic revelation. During this time they WILL SEEK the Lord.
This is seen at Hosea 5:14-15. Hosea 5:14 - 6:3
1. For I will be like a lion to Ephraim, And like a young lion to the house of Judah. (judgment on the nation of Judah)
2. I, yes I, will tear to pieces and go away,
(the resurrection and ascension of Jesus)
3. I will carry away, and there will be no one to rescue.
(the destruction and dispersion of the nation in 70 AD)
4. I will go away and return to My place
(repeat - ascension of Jesus)
5. Until: there will be a time when Jesus will come back.

6. they acknowledge their guilt and seek My face: Mat. 23:38-39
Behold, your house is being left to you desolate! 70 AD
For I say to you, from now on you will not see Me until you say,
‘praised is the One who comes in the name of the Lord!’”

7. In their distress they will search for Me: During the time of tribulation, Israel will cry out to the Lord for deliverance.

Verses 17-18, The prophet "backs up" to describe the condition of the nation in the Messiah generation that led to discipline from God.
V. 17, the nation was "pregnant" to fulfill God's purpose for them. Ex. 9:16, "in order to proclaim My name through all the earth."
They tried so hard - but it was all human works and religious hypocrisy. Mat. 23:13-36
V. 18, the nation's failure to fulfill its spiritual purpose.
1. writhed in labor: to accomplish something - but this expresses the intensity (religious zeal; Rom. 10:2-3) of their human works.
2. we gave birth only to wind: The uselessness of their human works. The nation failed.
3. we could not accomplish deliverance for the earth: the nation could not provide the message of spiritual life to the human race. The basic purpose for the nation of Israel as per Exodus 19:5-6 and 9:16.
4. nor were the inhabitants of the earth born (fallen - as in come out of the womb): refers to spiritual life (the new birth). The message of spiritual life could not be fulfilled by the nation because they were disobedient. Mat. 23:13, "
But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you shut the kingdom of heaven in front of people; for you do not enter it yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in."


5. The nation did nothing to fulfill the "job" God gave them, So Jesus fulfilled the nation's purpose.
Isaiah 63:5, I looked, but there was no one to help, And I was astonished and there was no one to uphold;
So My own Arm brought salvation to Me, And My wrath upheld Me.

THE PROMISE OF RESURRECTION
And then the prophet leaps to the promise of resurrection for the RIGHTEOUS.
The promise of resurrection at the coming of the Messiah at the day of the Lord. This will be fulfilled at the rapture of Mat. 24:31.
V. 19, there WILL be a resurrection of the righteous.
1. Your dead will live: brought back to life.
2. My (literally from the Hebrew) corpses will rise: "My" because they are God's people - those who are believers.
3. you who lie in the dust, awake and shout for joy: only applies to the righteous.
4. the earth: resurrection out from the grave - Sheol.
5. will give birth to the departed spirits: the rephaim is a technical word for the spirits of people who have died and gone into Sheol - from where they will be resurrected.

Here there is a natural break in the Hebrew text which skips over the church age and the 2000 years of national discipline to the time when the discipline is about to be removed.
It reaches to the period when that national discipline will be intensified - the time of Jacob's distress.
But he will be delivered from it. Jer. 30:7.
The time of distress that will begin at the midpoint of Daniel's 70th week as per Dan. 12:1 and Mat. 24:15-21.

V. 20 is the exhortation to ISRAEL to "hide" during the time of distress until it passes.
Jesus gave a general warning to "those who are in Judea" to flee to the mountains. Mat. 24:16.
According to Rev. 12, the people of the nation will flee into the wilderness for protection during the trib.
And they will hide - UNTIL indignation runs its course. That is, until the discipline on the nation is fulfilled.
The day of the Lord judgments will conclude through the physical descent of Jesus into Palestine. He will go first to Edom and rescue the Jews who have been hiding there (Isaiah 63:1-6).  Those Jews in the wilderness will then return to Jerusalem and are seen as "the clans of Judah" at Zechariah 12:5 and "the tents of Judah" at 12:7.

v. 21 "for" - because (kiy) - explains what will happen after the time of distress.
For behold, Yahweh is about to come out from His place To punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity; And the earth will reveal her bloodshed, And will no longer cover her slain."

This is the Day of the Lord return of Jesus AFTER the indignation runs its course.
Ie, AFTER the great tribulation of those days (Mat. 24:29).
Same thing at Hosea 5:15 - in their affliction they will seek me - and then He comes back.
First, Jesus will first arrive in the clouds of the sky with power and great glory as at Mat. 24:29-30 and Rev. 6:12-14, and begin to pour out "the wrath of the Lamb." Rev. 6:15-17.
Then after the trumpet and bowl judgments, He will physically descend to the earth at Rev. 19:11-16. He will go first to Edom, then to Jerusalem and then to the valley of Megiddo (Armageddon).

After the Armageddon conflict ends Jesus will judge Satan and demons.
Is. 27:1, "In that day Yahweh will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, With His fierce and great and mighty sword, Even Leviathan the twisted serpent; And He will kill the dragon who {lives} in the sea."  Rev. 20:1-3; Zech 13:2.

V. 2-6, And then - the kingdom will be established. Rev. 20:4-6.
Isa. 27:2 In that day, A vineyard of wine, sing of it!
Isa. 27:3 I, Yahweh, am its keeper; I water it every moment. Lest anyone damage it, I guard it night and day.

 
 

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