1. The gift of prophecy is listed as a bona fide spiritual gift at 1 Cor. 12:10, 28 and Rom. 12:8 (Eph. 4:11)

2. The word is prophāteia and contains two ideas in its MEANING.

A. The preposition, pro, means before, and refers either to a time or a location idea.

B. The verb is phāmi and means to speak.

C. It thus refers to someone who -

1. speaks BEFORE as in authority over and in front of an audience.

2. OR, speaks BEFORE as in teaching about some event before it occurs.

D. It is the same word that translates the Hebrew word for prophet, but the two are entirely different.

3. The word prophāteia also contains two ideas in its FUNCTION.

A. The activity of speaking forth or teaching God's word, which can be done by any believer. 1Chr. 25:2-3; 1 Cor. 11:4-5

B. The actual spiritual gift, which in turn has two ideas.

1. In the Old Testament, there was the OFFICE of prophet.
The OT prophet is never described as possessing a GIFT.

2. In the New Testament, there is the spiritual GIFT of prophet.

3. Spiritual gifts were not provided until after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus. Ephesians 4:7-11

4. The gift of prophecy is a pre-canon revelation gift providing both divine viewpoint dogma and guidance for the early church.

A. Dogma: 1 Cor. 14:3
B. Guidance: Acts 11:27-28; 21:10-11, Agabus

5. The prophecy gift was a foundational gift that functioned in association with the apostles in order to provide the church with an absolute standard for both doctrine and policy. Eph. 2:20; 3:5

6. It is listed as a bona fide spiritual gift at Romans 12:8 and 1 Cor. 12:8-10.

7. Once the doctrine of God (the doctrine conforming to good worship, 1 Tim. 6:3) is provided verbally and ultimately in written form, the revelation gifts, including prophecy, are no longer functional. 1 Cor. 13:8

A. All doctrine is in written form.
B. All guidance is based on application of that written dogma.

8. This gift as an authority communication gift, was not provided to women.
1 Cor. 14:34-35; 1 Tim. 2:12

A. CF. Acts 21:9, the verb prophāteuo is a present active participle and should be translated, "who prophesied," rather than who were prophets. The emphasis here is on TEACHING forth rather than the fore-telling idea.
Women can "prophesy" that is, TEACH, as long as it is not in an authority function over a man. Notice that when PROPHETIC information was provided, Agabus was employed rather than Philip's daughters (Acts 21:10).
These women had a TEACHING function but not the GIFT of prophecy.

B. In the Old Testament, women had limited teaching authority.
Ex. 15:20; Jud. 4:4; 2 Kings 22:14-20; Neh. 6:14; Luke 2:36-38; Prov. 1:8

C. During the church age, women who teach are to minister over other women and children. Titus 2:3-5

D. This does not mean that a woman cannot teach Bible Truth to an adult man.
It means that she cannot function as a teaching authority in a formal assembly of the local church.


Return to Spiritual Gifts Index




İRon Wallace, http://www.biblefragrances.com. Anyone is free to reproduce this material and distribute it,
but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's consent.


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