TOPICAL BIBLE STUDIES
These outlines are intended as "teaching guides" to the study
of any particular topic. The outlines may leave many unanswered questions
as to details since those details would be answered in the process of teaching
from the scripture references provided. In addition, there may be vocabulary
references and subject references that are unfamiliar. Hopefully before
too long, all the necessary topics will be available to provide a balanced
and complete theology.
GREEK: Verbal Orientation
Hebrew Verbal Orientation
Return to LETTER bar
THE KINGDOM OF GOD
Kingdom of God - plundered:
The King James
Version and William Shakespear
KNOWLEDGE: In Pursuit of Knowledge
Knowledge: Spiritual Gift, Word of Knowledge
THE KONIAH CURSE
KORAH: The Rebellion of Korah
1. First mentioned in Gen. 15:19 as living in the land area promised
A. They were nomads so were constantly on the move.
B. They were closely associated with Midian which was located on the East
side of the Gulf of Arabia.
2. In Exodus 2:15-16, 18; 3:1; Judges 1:16 - the
Kenite, Jethro, was
priest and ruler of Midian. About 1481 BC (2473 AH), and greatly influenced
them in the ways of truth.
3. From that time on, the Kenites were characterized by a great positive
response to truth. This is probably due to the divine viewpoint influence
of Jethro, who was also known as Reuel.
4. Our first contact with Jethro is in 1481 BC when Moses comes to live
with him (2473 AH).
A. He probably learns much truth from Jethro during his 40 years of
(Suggested by Jethro's help at Ex. 18:5-24)
B. Moses marries one of his daughters, Keturah, and had two sons with her.
5. After the Exodus, God used Jethro to teach Moses some valuable moral
and spiritual principles concerning leadership. Ex. 18:5-24; Deut. 1:9-18
6. At this time we have the first division of the Kenite tribe.
A. Jethro returns to his home. Exodus 18:27
B. His son Hobab remains with Israel as their guide and after the conquest
of the land, settles in the wilderness of Judah, South of Arad. Num. 10:29-32;
7. 40 years after the Exodus in 1401 BC (3553 AH), we do not know where
Jethro is, but the Midianites are no longer under his influence or the influence
of divine viewpoint.
A. They are allies with Moab: Num. 22:4 (2719 to 2738 AH)
B. Together with Moab, they seek to destroy the nation of Israel. Num.
25:1; 31:2, 16
C. The result was a war with Midian that left major clans totally destroyed.
Num. 25:16-18; 31:1-54
D. They never recovered the spiritual stability they had under Kenite influence
and are found attacking Israel again in Judges 6:1 through 8:28, 226 years
8. The 2nd division of the Kenites occurs in Judges 4:11
A. Heber goes negative to truth and separates from his believing brethren.
B. He settles up North in Kedesh above the Sea of Chinnereth.
C. Judges 4:17, he allies himself with Israel's enemy, the king of Canaan.
D. His wife, Jael was still positive to truth and was probably a believer
as indicated by the incident of Judges 4:17-23; 5:24-27
9. As time moved on, the Kenites came under the rulership of
who so greatly influenced the clan in the cause of truth, that they came
to be called Rechabites. 1 Chron. 2:55
A. They were known for their scribal activities. 1
B. This pursuit of truth was perpetuated by Rechab's son, Jonadab. Jer.
C. In 892 BC (3233 AH), the year that Jehu ascended the throne of Israel,
it was Jonadab who helped cleanse the land of idol worship. 2 Kings 10:15-28
D. At the time of Nebuchadnezzar's invasion of Judah in 606 BC, the
Rechabites moved to Jerusalem and lived there until its destruction in
586 BC. Jer. 35:11
E. As a result of their faithfulness, they were promised a share in
the temple service for the rest of their days. Jer. 35:18-19
10. The general historical security of the Kenties until 586 BC is recorded
by the prophecy of Balaam in Numbers 24:21. Ie, They will live securely
in association with Israel.
11. As a separate tribal entity, the Kenites will not be destroyed until
the Assyrian empire attacks Israel and Judah.
A. The prophecy is given in 1481 BC. The first fulfillment is in 736
BC, about 745 years later.
B. The Kenites of Judges 4:11, living in the Northland (736 BE). 2 Kings
C. The Kenites of 1 Sam. 15:6 -
left the wilderness of Judah and settled further North in about 3053 AH
These were destroyed in 711 BC, 2 Kings 18:13.
D. The Rechabites of 1 Chron. 2:55 will be uprooted in 586 BC, because
of Judah's discipline.
1. But the special blessing of Jer. 35:18-19, means that they remain
as part of the positive remnant under Jeremiah's authority after 586 BC
2. Jeremiah 35 is the last we know of the
Rechabites, so they are probably
joined together with Israel during the years of the captivity.
E. Furthermore, any Kenites other than the Rechabites will perish in
586 BC with the rest of Judah, by
the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar.
List of references: Lev. 25:25-34; 47-55; Num. 27:8-11; Deut. 25:5-10
Outline of Leviticus 25:25-34
A. A poor man has sold his property or himself. Verse 25
B. The buying back (redemption) of that which was sold may be done by either
himself or a relative. Verses 25-26
C. The price of redemption was the value of the item sold, calculated from
of the sale to the time of redemption. Verse 27
D. If the price could not be paid, the item was not redeemed. However it was
restored to the owner at the year of Jubilee. Verse 28
(Year of Jubilee, Lev. 25:8-17)
E. If the item sold is in a walled city, the one who sold it has one year
which to redeem it. If he fails, then the item will belong to the one who
forever. It shall not be redeemed (verse 30) and it will not be returned
at the year
of Jubilee (vs. 29-30).
F. If the item is outside the walls, it may be redeemed at any time and will be
returned at the year of Jubilee. Verse 31
G. If the item sold belongs to the Levites (verse 32) –
1. An item inside a city may be sold but, whether redeemed or not, it
returned at the year of Jubilee. Verse 33
2. Land outside a city can not be sold. Verse 34
Outline of Leviticus 25:47-55
A. Someone has sold himself to be a servant. Verse 47
B. One of his brethren (relative) may redeem him. Verses 48-49
C. Value is calculated taking into account when he was sold, the time of
and the nearness of the year of Jubilee. Verses 50-53.
D. If he is not redeemed then he will be set free at Jubilee. Verse 54
E. The basis for the principle is in verse 55. A bond servant is to be
hired person. The people of Israle are the servants of Yahweh and are not
viewed as bond-servants (slaves) but as hired servants. CF. 25:35-46
Outline of Numbers 27:8-11
A. This is to compare the law of inheritance with the law of redemption.
B. Notice the chain of those in line to inherit.
A. Two brothers dwell together. This is only required when they live together.
B. One is married, one is not.
C. The one who is married dies not having a child (son) to carry on his name.
D. The unmarried brother is to then marry his brother’s wife in order to have a
child to carry on the dead brother’s name.
E. Then any other children will be for his own name and family. This is to be
out of love and respect for his brother.
F. But the brother is not mandated to do this if he chooses not to. Verse 7
G. The wife may then go to the elders and bring the case before them. If he
chooses not do perform this duty, he is released from the custom. Verse 8
H. The brother’s wife then performs 3 actions.
1. She will take off the man’s sandal. Indicates complete disowning of
2. She will spit in his face to indicate contempt and disapproval.
3. She will say to him, “thus it is done to the man who does not build
I. This was not required if the brothers did not live together. The custom,
was practiced in Israel by the nearest relative. This was not from the
obligation, but personal desire.
J. The privilege of redeeming the land of a relative included responsibility to
relative’s wife. So it was in the case of Ruth and Boaz.
KNOWLEDGE: In Pursuit of Knowledge
1. The principle of benefit:
A. Proverbs 19.2 - not good to be without
B. Proverbs 16.20 - finds good
C. Proverbs 8.35 - finds life and favor from Yahweh
D. Proverbs 13.13 - reward
E. Proverbs 13.18 - honor
F. Proverbs 4.10-13 - Fulfillment in life
2. Humility issue for the growth process: Proverbs 15.33; 1.7; 9.10
3. Principle of self-love:
A. Proverbs 19.8 - loves his own soul
B. Proverbs 15.32 - he who neglects --- despises his soul
4. The progress of wisdom:
A. Proverbs 14.6 - knowledge is easy to the one with understanding
B. Proverbs 15.14-The mind of the one with understanding seeks knowledge
5. Fulfilled destiny in time: Proverbs 24.13-14 with 23.17-21
6. The classroom for truth:
A. Parents teaching: Proverbs 23.22-23; 13.1; 15.5
B. Formal teaching: Proverbs 22.17-21
C. Informal teaching: Proverbs 27.9; Heb. 3.7
D. The local church: Heb. 10.25; 13.13, 17; 1 Pet. 5.1-5; Eph. 4.11-13
7. The tragedy of failure:
A. Proverbs 18.27 - stray from the words of knowledge
B. Proverbs 1.20-32
C. Proverbs 8.36 - injures his soul - loves death.
8. The fools attitude toward truth:
A. Proverbs 1.7 - they despise
B. Proverbs 15.5 - rejects his father's instruction
C. Proverbs 18.2a - does not delight in understanding
D. Proverbs 18.2b - only interested in his own viewpoint
E. Proverbs 23.9 - despise the wisdom of your words
9. The value of truth: Psalm 19.7-14
10. Preparation for service:
A. 2 Timothy 2.15
B. 2 Timothy 3.16-17
C. 1 Peter 3.15-16
THE KONIAH CURSE
1. The Davidic line:
A. From David through Solomon to Jehoiakim (Eliakim) - 2nd son of Josiah.
2 Kings 23.36 - 3518-3528 AH (607 - 597 BCE)
B. Jehoiakim's judgment - Jer. 36.30-31
C. Jehoiakim's son - Jehoiachin: 2 Kings 24.6-9 (3 months - 597 BCE)
1 Chron. 3.16 - Jeconiah - (YAh shall establish)
D. Jehoiachin's exile: 2 Kings 24.10-16; 25.27-30 - 37 years
E. The kingly line was discontinued although Neb, put Jehoiachin's uncle
Mattaniah on the throne and changed his name to Zedekiah. 2 K. 24.17.
This was the last king of Israel.
2. The curse on Jehoiachin: Jeremiah 22.1-30
A. Jeremiah 22.1-23
B. Jeremiah 22.24-30: Jeremiah introduces the name Koniah and uses it
22.24, 28; 37.1 (Yahweh -YAh- is taken off the name)
C. Childless is defined in v. 30 as having a reigning descendant.
Apparently he had a son during the captivity - 1
Chron. 3.17 - Assir
D. David through Solomon to Koniah - cut off.
E. David through Nathan to Neri - Luke 3.27-31
F. Neri's son is Shealtiel (Salathiel): Luke 3.27
3. Shealtiel becomes the heir to David's throne through some kind of
legal process and is thus recognized as Koniah's heir.
A. Possibly through maternal inheritance. (Neri married a daughter of
Numbers 27.8; 36.5-9
B. Shealtiel then, is a maternal great grandson to Koniah & inherits
C. The names after Shealtiel at 1 Chron. 3.18 are brothers.
D. Thus, Koniah has 1 son - Assir.
E. But Jeremiah 22.30 assigns him as childless,
ie, no direct heir.
F. Assir does not reign nor does he have a son who is heir or leads
to an heir.
G. And the genealogy of 1 Chron. 3.18 ff is from Nathan through
4. Then, it appears as though Shealtiel dies without a child.
A. Mt.1.12 and Luke 3.27 - Shealtiel's son =
B. But 1 Chron. 3.19 - Zerubbabel is Pedaiah's son.
C. Pedaiah as his brother would take his wife to raise up seed for him.
D. Thus, that son would be physically the son of Pedaiah but legally
the son of Shealtiel.
E. Also possible that Zerubbabel was physically the son of Shealtiel
and was later adopted by Pedaiah.
5. The line of Zerubbabel:
A. From Zerubbabel: 1 Chron. 3.19-20
1. first wife: 2 sons, 1 daughter - Meshullam and Hananiah
2. Second wife: 5 sons-Hashubah, Ohel,
Berechiah, Hadadiah & shab-hesed.
3. Probably indicated by the two lists distinguished by the number 5.
B. From Zerubbabel: Mt. 1.12-16 -
1. different descendant, Abihud- probably grandson of one of the other
sons - maybe Meshullam.
(chronology not traced in chronicles.)
2. Then a different genealogy through Abihud -
Eliakim, Azor, Zadok,
Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob and Joseph.
C. From Zerubbabel: Luke 3.23-27
1. Different descendant, Rhesa - probably another grandson of one of
the other sons -
maybe Meshullam. (chronology not traced in chronicles)
2. Then a different genealogy through Rhesa to
Heli. (Mary's father)
Joanan, Joda, Josech, Semein, Mattathias,
Maath, Naggai, Hesli, Nahum,
Amos, Mattathias, Joseph, Jannai, Melchi, Levi, Matthat, Heli.
1. Killing can be defined as the taking of a human life, either justly
or unjustly, intentionally or unintentionally. And the Bible addresses each
2. The command of Ex. 20:13: You shall not MURDER
A. Hebrew, rAtsach - is a qal imperfect + the negative (lo): means to
murder - not "kill."
B. Hebrew, qAtal, means to kill in general and can be either authorized
by God or not.
3. This command reinforces morality standards established by God from
the very beginning. Gen. 9:5-6.
Therefore, the application is for all people, not just for Israel.
4. The morality perspective emphasizes overt activity. But for spiritual
life fulfillment, the issue is what you think.
Mental attitude purity is the real spirit of the Mosaic law. Mat. 5:21-22;
1 John 3:15; Rom. 13:8 (love)
5. When people hear about murder, they usually say, "no way, not
me!" But the Bible indicates that murder is just an extension of several
very common mental attitude sins.
A. Jealousy: Cain, King Saul
B. Hatred: Religion, Saul of Tarsus
C. Anger: Moses
D. Fear: David.
6. Morality standards cannot prevent or control these mental attitude
expressions from the sin nature (Mark 7:21-23; James 4:1-2), but strict
moral regulations can deter the overt extensions of the mind such as murder.
Gen. 9:6; Numbers 35:29-31; Ex. 21:28-29; Rom. 13:4
7. For the unbeliever, then, the certainty of capital punishment is the
major deterrent to murder. But for the believer, there is a higher law.
Rom. 8:2, 12-13; Gal. 5:22-23
A. The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus: The ministry of the
indwelling Holy Spirit as a guide and teacher.
B. The character structure of LOVE which is built in the soul. Rom.
13:8-14; 1 Cor. 13:4-7
C. Even the ambassador factor can be a deterrent. The believer's consciousness
8. But when the believer fails to live by the love structure, he falls
under the principles of morality discipline.
Rom. 13:1-7; 1 Pet. 4:15
A. The exception is when divine discipline overrules moral discipline
in order to teach spiritual value and keep the believer active in the spiritual
conflict. Examples: David and Moses.
B.See TOPIC: Capital Punishment in Israel.
9. Distinction between murder and killing.
A. Prov. 6:16-17
B. Unintentional: Numb. 35:9-15, 22-25; Ex. 27:13
C. Intentional: Numb. 35:16-21; Ex. 21:12, 14
D. Killing done by animals: Ex. 21:28-32
E. Warfare: Psalm 144:1; 1 Sam. 17:45-51; 1 Chron. 5:19-22; Luke 3:14
F. Self-defense: See Topic.
G. Is abortion killing? See Topic: abortion
10. For the believer, the real issue in the prevention of murder is the
control of mental attitude sins. Mat. 5:21-22
A. Control of mental attitude sins is only through knowledge and application
of Bible Truth. Rm. 12:2
B. Moral truth: Proverbs 11:3 - basically, self-protection: protection
of self, marriage, family, friends, nation.
1. Mental attitude sins affect the body:
2. Mental attitude sins lead to spontaneous speech and actions. Pr. 17;14;
3. Or planned speech and actions: Prov. 26:24-27
4. Mental attitude sins develop when the bona fide attitude of self-protection
becomes arrogant self-promotion and gratification. Pr. 18:12; 19:3; 28:25;
5. This is the expression of the animalism of the sin nature. James
6. This is where moral truth must give place to spiritual. James 4:2b-8
7. True living humility only comes from Bible truth.
8. Moral truth deals with principle and with the overt. It cannot mold
C. Spiritual truth: Prov. 16:6
A. Creature humility: Acts 17;24-29
B. Sin humility: Luke 18:9-14; Rom. 5:6-10
C. Salvation humility: Mat. 18:1-6 (faith in Christ)
D. Fellowship humility: Prov. 28:13
E. Growth humility: James 1:21
F. Living humility: Philip. 2:3-5 (application)
G. Service humility: Rom. 14:7-8; 15:1-3; 1 Cor. 10:31-33
THE KINGDOM OF GOD
1. The kingdom of God is the absolute rule and influence of Divine essence
over all the created universe. Psalm 145:13
A. Sovereignty: Dan. 4:34b-35
B. Ownership: Psalm 24:1-2
2. But in His sovereignty, God has permitted evil to appear and run its
A. Satan's sin: Ezek. 28:15-17
B. Man's sin: Rom. 3:23; 5:12
C. Mat. 13:24-30: the tares among the wheat
3. Because of this, the kingdom of God is not always clearly visible
in certain areas of the universe.
A. Satan has been given rule over the world: Luke 4:6; John 12:31; 14:30;
16;11; 2 Cor. 4:4; 1 Jn. 5:19
B. The sin nature within man is the ruler of man. Eph. 2:3; Rom. 7:14,
18, 23: 8:8
See Topic: The Sin Nature
C. Thus, darkness dominates the human race: Eph. 6:12; 1 John 5:19; Luke
1:79; Jn. 3:19; Rom. 1:18
D. There is limited expression of divine sovereignty. Heb. 2:8; 1 Cor.
E. There is limited expression of divine viewpoint. 1 Cor. 15:34
F. There exists two opposing viewpoints in the world. Isaiah 55:8-9; Prov.
4. The ultimate goal of God's plan is to reestablish His absolute rule
and influence within the physical universe through the demonstration of
His perfect righteousness, justice and love in the human race.
A. This goal will be reached after God's justice allows evil to "run
its natural course" and be demonstrated for what it really is - and
God's righteousness will be vindicated as perfect. Eph. 1:10; 1 Cor. 15:24-28;
B. This is stated in the Messianic promise of Gen. 3:15.
Another Adam - the seed of the woman - must wrest world authority away
from Satan and destroy his power and influence. Jn. 12:31-32; 16:11; Col.
2:15; 1 Cor. 15:24
C. In Eph. 3:11, it is called the plan of the ages because the goal
will be reached through the expression of divine righteousness, justice
and love throughout the entire history of the human race.
D. This is to be done progressively, in stages, as human history advances.
Thus building from Gen. 3:15 to Gal. 4:4 to Col. 2:15 to Phil. 2:9-11 to
Eph. 1:10 to 1 Cor. 15:24-28.
E. And God makes no advance in his plan without revealing it to His
servants the prophets. Amos 3:7
F. So as God reveals His plan throughout history by the teaching of
moral and spiritual truth, kingdom authority and viewpoint is promoted.
To this degree, the kingdom of God advances to its ultimate goal. Mt. 13:31-33
5. In the garden, Adam participated in 2 spheres of kingdom life.
A. Spiritual: opposite of "you shall surely die" - Gen. 2:17
B. Physical: Gen. 1:28; 2:15-16 - rulership over the earth.
C. When Adam and Eve sinned, they lost their spiritual life.
1. You shall surely die: Gen. 2:17; Jn. 5:24; Eph. 2:1; Rom. 6:23
2. Eyes opened: Gen. 3:7a - a distorted perspective because of the formation
of a "sin nature."
(Gen. 8:21; Ec. 9:5; Ps. 51:5; Jer. 17:9)
3. The "nakedness" of the soul: Gen. 3:7b with v. 10
4. Fear: Gen. 3:10 (Heb. 2:15; Rom. 8:15)
D. They also lost their part in the physical kingdom.
1. Creation was cursed: Gen. 3:17-18; Rom. 8:20
2. Kicked out of the garden: Gen. 3:22-24
3. Authority usurped by Satan: Luke 4:6; 1 Jn. 5:19
4. Physical death: Gen. 3:19; 1 Cor. 15:21-22; Heb. 9:27
E. See commentary on Genesis 3:1-24
6. God's plan for restoration then, involves not only the exposure and
judgment of Satan, but also a reversal of his darkness victory over the
A. Reverse the spiritual defeat: Heb. 2:14-15
B. Restore the physical privileges:
1. a physical kingdom ruled by Christ: Lk.1:32-33;
2. man's participation in that kingdom: Rev. 5:10; Rev. 20:4;
7. God has chosen to center the reestablishment of his kingdom around
the "seed of the woman" of Gen. 3:15. The Messiah-savior. Titus
1-2-3 - which God promised "before the everlasting times" (literal
from the Greek)
A. Spiritual life: payment for man's sin, forgiveness and new birth
to provide everlasting life, which is participation in God's SPIRITUAL
kingdom. Luke 1:76-79
1. Stage 1: time of promise - Gal. 3:15-29 - Old Testament.
2. Stage 2: time of fulfillment - Gal. 4:4-7 (Mk. 1:15; Lk 4:21)
B. Earthly kingdom: Luke 1:26-33; Isaiah 9:1-7
1. Stage 1: promise (Given to Israel)
2. Stage 2: spiritual (mystery- church age)
3. Stage 3: Realized - 1000 year reign of Christ
4. Stage 4: Eternal/new heavens and earth
C. The whole Old Testament centers around the arrival and career of
the Messiah. Heb. 1:1-3; 1 Pet. 1:10-12
D. Thus, when the Messiah arrives, this constitutes the arrival and
physical presence of the kingdom. Mt. 3:2; Mk. 1:15
E. And the message is called the good news of the kingdom.
8. In the Old Testament period, God used two agents for the promotion
of His truth in the world. Principle of Heb. 1:1 (evangelistic agencies
or priestly agencies).
A. The family priesthood: Adam to the Exodus from Egypt.
Individuals as spiritual heads of the family and clan in order to teach
others about God.
1. Seth: Gen. 4:26
2. Noah: 2 Pet. 2:5
3. Abraham: Gen. 12:1-3
4. Job: Job 29:7-17
B. The national priesthood: Israel - from the Exodus to 30 AD.
1. Exodus 19:5-6
2. Romans 9:4-5
3. Isaiah 49:3; Jeremiah 13:11
C. But all believers were still responsible for promoting kingdom viewpoint
in their daily life. Ps. 145:8-13; Ps. 117.
Just because God has a "formal" individual or group to proclaim
the message of salvation, does not mean that individual believers do not
have the responsibility to live and teach the reality of being in God's
9. Thus, during human history, the nature of God's kingdom involves 4
A. Absolute rule of Divine authority: 1 Chron. 29:11-12
B. Permissive rule delegated to others:
1. Satan: Luke 4:6; Job 1:6-12
a. Free will
b. the sin nature
3. Kings: Jer. 27:4-5; Dan. 2:21; 4:17; Rom. 13:1;
C. Moral influence: laws of relating to fellow man
1. Natural, inherent moral logic: Rom. 2:14-15
2. Taught by others: book of Proverbs for example
D. Spiritual influence: laws of relating to God.
1. Divine viewpoint in general: Ps. 119:130; 36:9
2. Dispensational: progressive revelation as God's plan advances through
Amos 3:7; Deut. 29:29; Eph. 3:4-5
3. Salvation information for relationship with God. Isaiah 55:1-3; John
4. Fellowship information for the one who is a child of God. Psalm 15:1-5;
1 John 1:5-10
10. When the Messiah arrives, the kingdom of God reaches a peak in its
revelation progress. At that time, Yahweh is personally present on the earth
in the person of Jesus Christ to promote His truth.
A. Immanuel: God with us - Mt. 1:18-23; Isaiah 7:14
B. The Word became flesh: John 1:1-14
C. He who comes in the name of the LORD: Mt. 21:9; 23:39 Mark 11:9; Luke
13:35; 19:38; John 12:13
D. To do the will of the Father: Jn. 6:38; 7:25-30; 8:42
E. Mark 1:15
1. The time is fulfilled:
a. kairos: designated time period.
b. fulfilled: pleroō - perfect passive participle
c. Gal. 4:4 - the fullness of the time came
1. plerōma + chronos: times progress
2. came: erchomai - aorist active indicative
d. 1 Tim. 2:6 - at the proper time (its own times) kairos (plural) =
times - bringing together many aspects into one focal point.
e. Titus 1:2-3 - same construction: its own times
2. The kingdom of God is at hand: the spiritual kingdom
a. engidzo: perfect active indicative
b. has come near with the result that it remains in your presence.
c. Mt. 12:28 and Luke 11:20
d. Luke 10:9 (engidzo + epi= upon) (v. 11, just engidzo)
e. Luke 17:21 - entos - within you (the group), therefore the kingdom of
God is among you.
f. At Luke 21:31, it is the heavenly kingdom that is in view, that will
begin with the resurrection of the elect at Christ's arrival.
F. He comes for blessing:
1. John 12:46-47 - salvation provision - Luke 19:10
2. Salvation sacrifice: Mt. 20:28 (Jn. 12:27; 1 Tim. 1:15)
3. To call sinners: Lk. 9:51-56; Mt. 9:13
4. Abundant life provision for believers: John 10:10b, "might have
life AND abundance" (two NOUNS).
a. Life, refers to the possession of spiritual life through trusting
in Jesus as the Messiah/Savior.
b. Abundance, refers to the experience of a new quality of life here on
earth through consistent fellowship with God.
(Rom. 14:17 - righteousness, peace and joy)
G. He comes for judgment: Luke 12:49; John 9:39-41
H. To promote truth: John 18:36-37; Luke 4:43
I. No compromise: Mt. 10:34-36; Luke 12:51-53
J. Fulfillment of Old Testament: Mat. 5:17
11. The message of John the baptizer: Mt. 3:2-6 with Acts 19:4
A. The kingdom of the heavens (pl) is at hand: engidzō - Perfect active
B. (therefore) repent: metanoeō - change your mind about the kingdom
and about God. Ie, attitude of belief - Lk. 3:3
C. The pathway is made clear in the hearts of men: Is. 40:3-8
D. Mat. 3:3 - make straight: euthus - straight, right, upright. refers
to making yourself ready to receive Him and His kingdom viewpoint and policy.
E. Luke 1:13-17, 76-79
F. Mt. 3:5-12; Luke 3:7-18
G. Acts 19:4 - telling them to believe in Him who was coming.
12. The message of Jesus: Mt.4:13-17 based on Luke 4:18-21
A. The purpose of His presence is to proclaim: Luke 4:43
B. Mt. 4:23 - the gospel of the kingdom (cf. v.17,23 - preach, proclaim)
C. Mark 1:14-15, "change your mind and believe in the gospel."
D. Proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom: Mat. 9:35; 11:1-5, 11; Luke 8:1;
E. John 8:24, "unless you believe that I AM, you shall die in your
F. Acts 1:3, "concerning the kingdom of God."
13. The message of the disciples: Mt. 10:27; Lk. 9:2; 10:9, 11;
Luke 9:60 - go and proclaim everywhere the kingdom of God
14. The message of the early church:
A. Philip: Acts 8:12, about the kingdom of God
B. Paul: Acts 19:8-10; 20:32; 20:25; 28:23, 31 - "about the kingdom
C. 1 Cor. 15:50,
D. Gal. 5:21, inheriting the kingdom of God
E. Eph. 5:5
15. Entrance into the spiritual kingdom:
Mt. 5:3; Jn. 3:3-5; Mt. 5:20; 7:21 with 12:50;
Mt. 19:23-26; 18:1-4; 19:14 + fellowship; 21:31-32; 22:2-14;
Mark 9:47; 12:34.
All these passages clarify that entrance into the kingdom is through trusting
in Jesus as the Messiah/Savior.
16. Messiah's presence and work on the cross fulfills the strategic victory
of Gen. 3:15
A. It provides a tactical "spiritual" victory: Heb. 2:14-15
with Col. 2:15
That is, everything that was needed to "spiritually" defeat Satan
was accomplished on the cross and confirmed by the resurrection.
B. And also provides a strategic physical victory:
Jn. 16:11; 12:31
That is, the ACTUAL physical defeat of Satan is far into the future (when
He returns), but the "strategy" for that future "tactical"
(physical) victory was established on the cross.
C. the delay between the spiritual and
heavenly kingdom of God is so that there will
be a maximum promotion and vindication of divine essence within the human
race and as a proclamation to the fallen angels.
Eph. 3:8-11; Rom. 3:25-26 (2 Pet. 3:9).
D. The tactical physical victory will take place in 2 stages.
1. The 2nd advent: Rev. 11:15; 20:1-3
2. End of the 1000 year reign: 1 Cor. 15:24; Rev. 20:10
17. The kingdom's presence (the personal
presence of Jesus as the Messiah/Savior) was rejected by the evangelistic agent that
was in place at the time of Messiah's arrival (Israel). Mt. 11:12; Luke
16:16; Mt. 23:13
A. They rejected the herald: John the baptizer Mt. 21:23-32;
B. They rejected Christ's person and message before the cross. John 5:17-18;
6:22-59; 7:1; 8:33-59
C. They rejected Christ at the cross. Jn. 18:39-40; 19:1-7, 14-22
D. They rejected Christ after the resurrection: Acts 4:1-3, 13-18; 5:29-40;
E. Because of this, God replaced Israel with a different priestly agent
to fulfill His evangelistic plan. Mt. 21:33-46; 13:12; 23:37-38; Eph. 3:1-11,
21; 1 Pet. 2:9-10; Deut. 32:21; Isaiah 28:9-22; 65:1, 13-16
F. But Israel will be restored in the future: Rom.11:22-32; Mt. 23:39
18. The 10 kingdom parables of Matthew 13 and Mark 4:
A. Mt. 13:3 -
1. Many things: principles of kingdom truth
2. in parables: DEFINITION - a normal, bona fide human activity which is
used as an illustrative teaching aid for spiritual truth.
B. Ten parables were given by Jesus at this particular setting to teach
several different factors concerning the kingdom of God, but none of them have
an earthly kingdom in view.
1. The Soils: salvation and growth, Mt. 13:3-9, 18-23; Mk. 4:2-9, 14-20
2. The Lamp: Service - Mk. 4:21-25
3. The Soil: Divine production - Mark 4:26-29
4. The Tares: false believers - Mt. 13:24-30, 37-43
5. The Mustard seed: Kingdom progress - Mt. 13:31-32
6. The Leaven: Kingdom influence - Mt. 13:33
7. The Treasure: response to truth (category not searching) Mt. 13:44
8. The Pearl: response to truth (category searching) - Mt. 13:45-46
9. The Fishing net: judgment at the 2nd advent - Mt. 13:47-50 (baptism
of fire - Mt. 3:12)
10. The Household manager: the new priestly agent to replace the nation
of Israel. Mt. 13:51-52
19. The kingdom during the church age: There is
no focus or teaching on the earthly reign of the Messiah.
A. Apostolic authority: Mt. 16:18-19; 18:18; John 20:23
B. Kingdom citizenship: Acts 26:18; Col. 1:13; 1 Thes. 2:12; James 2:5;
Rev. 1:9; 1 Cor. 6:9-10; Phil. 3:20
C. Kingdom function: Rom. 14:17; 1 Cor. 4:20; Gal. 5:6
D. Kingdom glory: Acts 14:22; 2 Tim. 4:18; Heb. 12:28; 2 Pet. 1:11
E. Kingdom service: Col. 4:11, Luke 18:29-30; 2 Thes. 1:4-5; 2 Cor. 5:20,
"we are ambassadors for Christ."
20. The kingdom taught in the Old Testament:
A. General sphere of divine viewpoint as the absolute truth of the universe.
B. General sphere of divine sovereignty as the absolute authority of
the universe. Dan. 4:3, 34; 7:27; 1 Chron. 29:11; Ps. 147:7-8
C. God's sphere of influence as He delegated authority to the nation
of Israel. 1 Chron. 28:5; 2 Chron. 13:8
D. God's sphere of influence in Messiah's future
Ps. 22:25-31; Dan. 7:13-14; Obadiah 21; Zech. 9:10; 14:9
21. Miscellaneous passages:
A. Joseph of Arimathea: Mt. 27:57; Mk. 15:43;
A man who was "waiting for the kingdom of God," and who "became
a disciple of Jesus."
B. John 18:36, The kingdom is a SPIRITUAL kingdom that functions within
the physical realm but does not operate on the laws of the physical realm.
Thus, Jesus does not FIGHT - because it is not a PHYSICAL conflict (Eph.
6:12; 2 Cor. 10:3-6)
C. Parable of the Laborers: kingdom equality - Mt. 20:1-16
The time that a person enters the kingdom is not an issue.
All enter on the same terms and thus there is perfect equality as far as
family STATUS is concerned. Rewards for faithfulness while here on earth
provide a different gauge for measuring spiritual victory, but have no
effect on salvation status.
D. The earthly kingdom: The earthly kingdom
is actually not in view in any of Christ's teachings nor in the apostolic
letters. His focus was always on the "here and now" entrance and living in
the kingdom of God; and the future HEAVENLY participation in the kingdom.
1. Arrival: Mt. 24:32-33; Lk. 21:31 is not
looking at the earthly kingdom but at the future heavenly kingdom.
2. Heb. 1:8, Christ's kingdom which is GIVEN to Him after the resurrection
(Eph. 1:20-22), but is not administrated until the day of the Lord judgments
are finalized. (Heb. 10:12-13; Rev. 11:15ff).
At Hebrews 1:8, "His kingdom" refers to the eternal kingdom and not the
earthly kingdom promised to Israel.
At Eph. 1:21, "the age to come" is probably best seen as referring to the
"eternal" age rather than the mil kingdom.
3. Rev. 11:15; 12:10
4. Perpetuation: Lk. 1:33; 1 Cor. 15:24
5. Disorientation: Lk. 19:11-27, "they SUPPOSED that the kingdom of
God was going to appear immediately." They were looking for an earthly
E. 2 Timothy 4:1-3, The arrival of Jesus at the day of the Lord, which
is the expectation of the church, also initiates the completion of God's
kingdom plan but is looking at the heavenly kingdom rather than the earthly
kingdom. That is why Paul charges Timothy "in view
of" that is, "BY His appearing AND His kingdom."
22. Related topics:
A. FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD
B. FILLING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
C. SERVING GOD
D. Ambassadorship: professional Christian
E. GROWTH: Spiritual growth
KORAH: The Rebellion of Korah
1. Definition: A category of apostasy that rejects divine authority in
both spiritual and moral living through verbal and overt opposition.
A. Jude 11, rebellion: antilogia
1. anti = against
2. logia = word, speech
3. Thus, to speak against in arrogance and rebellion
B. It takes its name from a man of the Exodus generation who organized
a revolt against the moral and spiritual authority invested in Moses. Numbers
C. To oppose God's delegated authority is to oppose God himself. Num.
16:2 with v. 11
2. The historical account then is recorded at Numbers 16:1-50
3. God establishes authority in order to provide order and stability within
society. Prov. 29:4 with 21:15 and Ec. 8:11
4. The role of authority is actually to reflect the standards of God in
both spiritual and moral living.
Psalm 82 with 2 Chron. 19:5-7 and Rom. 13:1-4
5. Local spiritual authority in the nation of Israel was vested in the
priests and Levites, living in the towns.
Lev. 10;11; Num. 18:4; Deut. 18:5; Mal. 2:4-7
A. Moral authority was vested in local judges from the various tribes.
B. National spiritual authority was vested in the prophets who carried
the message, "thus says the Lord." Deut. 18:20-22 with 13:1-5
C. National moral authority was later vested in a king which God counseled
against but permitted.
Deut. 17:14-20; 1 Sam. 8:4-9
D. Accordingly, the highest respect was to be given to each of these
authorities. Ex. 22:28
6. The rebellion of Korah represents an initial rejection of God's policy
for moral and spiritual authority in the nation.
A. Moses as the prophet: Num. 12:6-8 cf. Deut. 18:15
B. Aaron as the priest: Exodus 28:1
C. Korah was a Levite who wanted priestly and political authority. Num.
D. The 250 Levite leaders didn't necessarily want priesthood authority
but they wanted an "equality" of authority for the people. Num.
16:3, "all the congregation are holy."
E. The 3 Reubenites were in cahoots with Korah pursuing both priestly
and political authority.
F. The mass of people were duped into thinking that these "leaders"
had their interests in mind in seeking to promote equality and unity.
7. Just a few months prior to the rebellion of
Korah, there was another
rebellion against God's authority as vested in Moses. Num. 12:1-15
A. It was expressed by only Miriam and Aaron.
B. Aaron organized it but it was through the jealous emotionalism of Miriam
that he did so.
C. It was a private confrontation with Moses, but God gave it a public
resolution as an authority lesson to all the people.
D. So the issue that is established is that God insists on authority
respect among his people.
8. The example of Elisha and the rebel teenage gang: 2 Kings 2:23-25
A. They should have been "executed" long before this expression
of rebellion based on the standards found at Deut. 21:18-21.
B. So Elisha was simply carrying out the policy of God with regard t
undisciplined, rebellious teenagers.
9. The genetic drift perpetuates authority rebellion as illustrated at
See Topic: GENETIC DRIFT
10. Rejection of authority in the spiritual realm: 1 Sam. 15:23
A. Isaiah generation: Is. 8:11-22
B. Jeremiah generation: Jer. 1:4-10, 16-19
C. Ezekiel generation: Ezek. 2:1-7
D. Rejection of John the dipper: Mat. 21:32
E. Messiah generation: Luke 2:34; Mat. 21:23-28a, 42-46
11. Rebellion against Paul's divine authority.
A. Evangelistic authority: Acts 13:45; 28:17-19
B. Local church activity: 1 Cor. 4:1-21; 14:36-38; 2 Cor. 10:7-18; 6:11-12
12. Local church authority: 1 Pet. 5:5; Heb. 13:7, 17; 1
13. The local church communicators must have the ability and motivation
to rebuke those in rebellion against God's doctrine and policy. Titus 1:9;
3:10-11; 2 Tim. 2:24-26
14. For the believer in general, his only true authority is God as represented
in the absolute standards of the Bible.
A. Therefore, anytime someone is in a place of authority, his office
is to be respected.
B. But false doctrine taught must be rebuked and refuted.
Example of Elihu: Job 32:1-22 with 1 Thes. 5:20-22
C. Example in moral living:
1. Titus 3:1; Rom. 13:1-7; 1 Pet. 2:13-17
2. Dan. 6:7-10; 3:13-18
D. Example in spiritual living: Acts 23:3-5; 4:18-20 with 5:27-29
15. Miscellaneous illustrations of this apostasy: 2 John V. 9-10; 2 Tim.