DAY = 1000 year Theory  


2Peter 3:8
“With the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.”

 There is a theory that the 7 days of creation are a pattern for 7000 years of human history. That is one day = 1000 years. And that just as there were 6 days of “work” and 1 day of rest, so likewise with man’s history there will be 6 days of  - what? work?  preparation? Judgment? . . .  and then one day of rest which would be the millennium.
Whether this pans out or not is up in the air.

However, according to proper chronological measurement . . .

we are already at the year 6048 Ano Hominis – so we are already almost 50 years into the millennium.

Furthermore, there is no place in scripture that teaches it.
And this passage at 2Peter 3:8 cannot be used to prove the pattern.

Peter is writing this to indicate that God does not measure time as man does. God is eternal and to Him, 1 day in man’s history is like a day in His sight – it’s just a drop in the bucket. Or a thousand years of man’s history is simply like a day to God. This is not stated in order to equate
This is proven simply by the second phrase, which reverses the image. And a thousand years in man’s history is like a day to God.

He probably has in mind Psalm 90:4, “For a thousand years in your sight is like yesterday when it passes by, or as a watch in the night.”

Now, no biblical interpretation is established either by the church fathers or by various commentaries, but by Scripture alone.

The theory was suggested by two of the church fathers, but that in itself does not validate or invalidate a theory.
Irenaeus in chapter 28, book V of his Against Heresies, wrote:
3. For in as many days as this world was made, in so many thousand years shall it be concluded. And for this reason the Scripture says: “Thus the heaven and the earth were finished, and all their adornment. And God brought to a conclusion upon the sixth day the works that He had made; and God rested upon the seventh day from all His works.” This is an account of the things formerly created, as also it is a prophecy of what is to come. For the day of the Lord is as a thousand years; and in six days created things were completed: it is evident, therefore, that they will come to an end at the sixth thousand year.”

However, Irenaeus fails to quote the second part, “a day is as a thousand years,” and that totally invalidates the theory.

And the epistle of Barnabas:
Barnabas 15:4
“Give heed, children, what this meaneth; He ended in six days. He
meaneth this, that in six thousand years the Lord shall bring all
things to an end; for the day with Him signifyeth a thousand years;
and this He himself beareth me witness, saying; Behold, the day of
the Lord shall be as a thousand years.
Therefore, children, in six days,
that is in six thousand years, everything shall come to an end.”

And he also fails to quote the second part of the couplet.
Furthermore, as of 2017, the date is 6048 AH (ano hominus - in the year of man), so we have passed over the terminal point claimed by Barnabas. Not only that, but he is also wrong about what will happen after 6000 years, for "everything shall come to an end" is NOT what will happen when the millennial kingdom begins.

None of the other church fathers mention this, although Justin Martyr “hints” at it in his dialogue 81.

The theory also finds support from several Jewish sources, but interpretations by rabbinical writers do not validate the theory.
 Bereshit Rabba, sect. 8. fol. 7. 3.
Vajikra Rabba, sect. 19. fol. 160. 2.
Bemidbar Rabba, sect. 14. fol. 216. 1.
Shirhashirim Rabba, fol. 20. 1.
Zohar in Exod. fol. 60. 1. T
zeror Hammor, fol. 157. 1.
Nishmet Chayim Orat. 1. c. 5. fol. 12. 1.
Zohar in Gen. fol. 13. 4.
Bartenora in Misn. Tamid, c. 7. sect. 4.
T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 97. 1. & Avoda Zara, fol. 9. 1.
Ceseph Misna in Maimon. Hilchot Teshuva, c. 9. sect. 2.

Commentaries that reject the theory:
(And likewise, these commentaries do not validate or invalidate the theory)

Matthew Henry
Reformation Study Bible
Wuest Word Studies
Robertson’s word Pictures
New Testament Commentary by Baker books
The Expositor’s Greek New Testament
Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
by Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown and published in 1871.
John Darby commentary

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
People's New Testament
John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes


It has been suggested that when Adam dies "in that day," that it refers to his physical death WITHIN the first 1000 years of man's history, suggesting the validity of the "one-day = 1000 years" theory.
1. It is more reasonable to view Adam's death as occurring on the literal day that he ate, and to view it as his loss of relationship with God - his spiritual death. There is a reason why the Hebrew uses the very strong verbal construction, "dying you shall die," instead of simply saying, "you shall die." The emphasis is because the more important issue is his spiritual death.
And they did in fact DIE to God in that very instant on that very day.
In addition, Satan’s answer to Eve’s hesitation focuses, “on the day that you eat your eyes will be opened.”
And then, after they ate, their eyes were opened ON THAT
And when God came walking in the garden in the “cool of the day,” it should certainly be viewed as the very same day.

2. While Adam died in 930 AH, many of the other antediluvian descendants died well after the 1000 year mark."  The "antediluvian descendants" are the ones who were born before the flood and many died AFTER that "1000 year mark."
For example, Seth died in 1042 AH and Enosh died in 1140 AH.
And of course everyone except Noah plus 7 died in 1656 AH.

Questions and comments are always welcome

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